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Last-modified: 01-May-1997
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) for the soc.culture.scottish usenet
newsgroup
news:soc.culture.scottish was created on 25th May 1995
This version of the FAQ: 1-May-97
Foreword
--------
The latest version of this FAQ is at http://www.scot.demon.co.uk/scotfaq
.html
together with FTP sites for the FAQ and details of how to get it by
mail.
There are details there of the FAQ in Text, HTML and Zip formats.
This FAQ is a living document, if there's any corrections, additions or
comments you'd like to make, please send them to me for the next
edition.
The next rtfm.mit.edu release is likely to be 1-Aug-97
Thanks to all those who have contributed articles, comments and
corrections
to this FAQ.
Craig Cockburn , Editor and main author.
WWW: http://www.smo.uhi.ac.uk/~craig/
Edinburgh, Scotland.
Please don't e-mail me with tourism, where to stay questions about
Scotland
as I don't generally have the time to answer these.
Please ask them in soc.culture.scottish or ask the Scottish tourist
board
http://www.scotland.net/stb/
See http://www.scot.demon.co.uk/celtfaq.html for information on other
Celtic
countries or visit the Celtic information link in section 20.4 below.
Alba - Scotland
===============
General
-------
[1.1] Scotland's name
[1.2] Scottish Saints and Towns
Celtic & general language information
-------------------------------------
[2.1] Celtic background
[2.2] Celtic knotwork and art links
[2.3] The Celtic Cross
[2.4] Postgraduate courses in Celtic Studies
[2.5] Article on History of Language in Scotland
[2.6] Article on Celtic knotwork
Scots language information
--------------------------
[3.1] What is the Scots language. Who do I contact for more info?
[3.2] On-line Scots language info
[3.3] Learning Scots
Scottish music, poetry and literature
-------------------------------------
[4.1] Intro to Scottish Music
[4.2] Scottish music radio programmes
[4.3] What Scottish Record labels are there
[4.4] How do I find out about Folk events in Scotland which might be
on?
[4.5] Where's a good place to buy folk records?
[4.6] Primary folk music pubs and sessions
[4.7] Books for learning the fiddle
[4.8] Scottish music information
[4.9] Primary Literary figures
[4.10] Info on Robert Burns
[4.11] Address to a Haggis - Robert Burns
[4.12] Robert Burns links
[4.13] Living Tradition.
[4.14] Fiddle styles
[4.15] The Piano film music
[4.16] Where can I get a piper?
[4.17] Early Bagpipe references
[4.18] The Celtic muse in Scott's "Waverley"
[4.19] Where can I get bagpipes?
[4.20] Learning to play the harp
[4.21] Scottish Arts Council
Song lyrics
-----------
[5.1] Any Scottish songs on-line?
[5.2] Scottish song books
[5.3] Frequently requested songs
Festivals
---------
[6.1] When are the major Scottish folk festivals
[6.2] Edinburgh Festival Fringe
[6.3] Edinburgh Folk Festival
[6.4] Gaelic festivals
[6.5] Mayfest
[6.6] Scottish/Celtic festivals worldwide
Gaelic information
------------------
[7.1] How can I learn Gaelic?
[7.2] Gaelic links
[7.3] Where can I get Gaelic books?
[7.4] Scots Gaelic products and catalog
[7.5] Where can I get Gaelic music and words, info on Gaelic songs
[7.6] How do I find out about Mods in my area. What is a Mod?
[7.7] How mutually intelligible are Scots and Irish Gaelic
[7.8] How can I get Gaelic TV/radio programmes
[7.9] Gaelic newspapers
[7.10] Gaelic playgroups
[7.11] Attitudes towards Gaelic TV in Scotland
[7.12] Commercial Scots Gaelic translation service
[7.13] Dog commands in Gaelic
[7.14] Info on Scots Gaelic accents
[7.15] Gaelic Arts
[7.16] The Celtic League in Scotland
Gaelic song and music
---------------------
[8.1] Waulking songs
[8.2] Puirt a beul
[8.3] Gaelic psalm singing
[8.4] Piobaireachd / Pibroch
[8.5] Oldest Datable Gaelic Song
[8.6] Cape Breton music mailing list
[8.7] Information on Runrig
[8.8] Information on Capercaillie
Scottish dance
--------------
[9.1] Understanding Scottish Dance music
[9.2] What is a Ceilidh
[9.3] Article on Scottish Step Dancing
[9.4] What is Scottish Country Dancing?
[9.5] Scottish Highland Dancing
[9.6] Books on Scottish dancing
Scottish food and drink and pubs
---------------------------------
[10.1] Where can I get haggis?
[10.2] Info on cooking and haggis
[10.3] Best Scottish pubs
[10.4] Whisky (whiskey)
[10.5] Traditional Bread recipie (Gaelic and English)
[10.6] Irn-bru
Political information
---------------------
[11.1] Politics: Scotland and the UK/devolution/independence
[11.2] Scottish Independence information
[11.3] Article on Indepedence
[11.4] Political Quotations
(articles on Devolution and Status Quo appreciated!)
[11.5] The Monarchy
Historical information
----------------------
[12.1] How do I trace my Scottish ancestry?
[12.2] Scottish Monarchs
[12.3] Declaration of Arbroath
[12.4] History and Archaeology information
[12.5] The Picts
[12.6] Antiquarian books
[12.7] Historical re-enactments
[12.8] Museum of Scotland project
Traditions and Culture
----------------------
[13.1] Kirking of the tartans
[13.2] When are Burns night and St Andrews Day.
[13.3] Scottish Cultural classes (music, singing, language, history
etc)
[13.4] Where can I buy a kilt/Highland accessories
[13.5] Scotch
[13.6] Plaid
[13.7] Scottish Wedding vows in Gaelic and English
[13.8] Scottish Wedding Information
[13.9] Gaelic wedding blessing
[13.10] Braveheart information
[13.11] Tartan
[13.12] The Bruce film
[13.13] Choosing a Scottish name for your child
[13.14] Cultural Newletters
[13.15] Literature Magazines and newsletters
[13.16] Highland Games
[13.17] Hogmanay/New Year customs
Hillwalking
-----------
[14.1] The Ramblers Association
[14.2] Books for hillwalkers
[14.3] What is a Munro/Corbett?
Travel and What's on
--------------------
[15.1] What's on
[15.2] Scottish Guide books
[15.3] What's the number of the Scottish Tourist Board ?
[15.4] Weather info
[15.5] The Scottish Youth Hostels Association
[15.6] Seeing Underground Edinburgh
Areas of Scotland
-----------------
[16.1] Shetland and Orkney info
[16.2] Cromarty
[16.3] William Street, Edinburgh
-- More info here welcomed!
Education
---------
[17.1] Intro to Scottish Education
[17.2] Scottish Vocational Education Council
[17.3] Books/Info on Studying Scottish Culture
Current Affairs / Modern Life / Sport
-------------------------------------
[18.1] Scottish newspapers on-line
[18.2] Radio and TV
[18.3] New Scottish Local Authorities
[18.4] Quangos
[18.5] OBEs, honorific titles, etc
[18.6] Getting a job in Scotland
[18.7] Legal questions
[18.8] Scottish Yellow Pages
[18.9] Scottish White Pages
[18.10] The Scottish Office
[18.11] Rugby
[18.12] Dunblane/Cullen Report
[18.13] Buying a house
[18.14] Camanachd (shinty)
[18.15] Golf
[18.16] Angling
[18.17] Football
[18.18] Cricket
Internet/Computing information
------------------------------
[19.1] How to get scot.* hierarchy groups
[19.2] Getting hooked up to the internet
[19.3] Internet Cafes & Public Internet Access Points
[19.4] How can I find someone who lives in Scotland and may be on the
net?
[19.5] Silicon Glen - Scottish Software
Sources of Further information
------------------------------
[20.1] Scottish URLs
[20.2] Scottish Text Archive
[20.3] Scottish newsgroups
[20.4] Celtic information and Celtic FAQs
[20.5] European Community Folk Culture
[20.6] Mailing lists
[20.7] International organisations
[20.8] Faxing Scotland by E-mail
[20.9] Alphabetic list of URLs in this FAQ
--==<< Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) >>==--
Gaelic: Ceistean Minig a Thig
Scots: Aften speirit quaistions
"Is truagh nach ta\inig Minig Nach Tig
Leath cho minig 's a tha\inig Minig a Thig"
<It's a pity that the things which don't come often
don't come half as frequently as the things which do">
(adapted from an Irish story)
[1.1] Scotland's name
Scotland gets its name from the Scots, or Scotti who first arrived
in Argyll in the late 3rd to mid 4th centuries AD. It was not until
about 500AD that they built up a sizeable colony though. The Scots
spoke Irish, not Scots. Scots is a Germanic language like English,
described later. "Scotti" is what the Romans called them. We don't
know what they called themselves!
Some info on the Romans is available at
http://www.almac.co.uk/es/history/genhist/
[1.2] Scottish Saints and Towns
St Andrew: Scotland and St Andrews
Towns/Cities/Places in alphabetic order
St Nicholas: Aberdeen
St Blane: Dunblane
St Mary: Dundee
St Margaret: Dunfermline
St Giles: Edinburgh
St Mungo/Kentigern: Glasgow
St Molaise: Holy Isle off Arran
St Columba: Iona
St Cuthbert: Kirkcudbright
St Magnus: Kirkwall
St Baldred: North Berwick
St Mirren: Paisley
St John: Perth
St Ninian: Whithorn
Sources: Scottish Traditions & Festivals, Raymond Lamont-Brown, W & R
Chambers,
Edinburgh, 1991
[2.1] Celtic background
It is incorrect to think of Scotland as a wholly Celtic country. Since
the first millenium BC, Scotland has been a place of multiple languages
and this tradition continues today. First of all it was Pictish and
British; then Gaelic, Norse and Scots came and today it's English,
Scots and Gaelic. Nearly all of Scotland was once Gaelic speaking
except Orkney, Shetland and Caithness which had a variety of Norse
until recent times and East Lothian which was settled by the Angles.
Galloway had a Gaelic community which became separated from the Gaelic
speaking Highlands and Gaelic was still in use until about the 17th
century in Galloway. "Poets, scholars and writers in Lowland Scotland
up until the 16th century readily acknowledged Gaelic to be the true
and original Scottish language. As we know, though, it was an incomer
just as much as Anglo-Saxon! For Walter Kennedy 'it suld be al trew
Scottis mennis lede': ('Flyting with Dunbar' c.1500)" : section quoted
from "Gaelic: a past and future prospect", Kenneth Mackinnon. Gaelic is
a Celtic language, like Irish.
Other notable reads include anything by the late Prof Kenneth Jackson,
particularly "A Celtic Miscellany", any of John Prebble's books (eg
"1000
years of Scottish History") or Nigel Tranter ("The Story of Scotland")
or
Michael Lynch's "Scotland: A new history".
[2.2] Celtic knotwork and art links
Clip art etc
============
http://www.ctnet.com/drew/celthome.html
http://www.smo.uhi.ac.uk/~craig/joscelin.html
http://www.smo.uhi.ac.uk/~craig/gaidhlig.html
http://www.ctnet.com/drew/knotwork.html
http://www.dickalba.demon.co.uk/
http://www.iserv.net/~scottish/
http://celtic.stanford.edu/clipart.html
http://www.west.net/~celtlady/
http://www.planet.net/celtart
http://www.underbridge.com/market/walker
http://members.aol.com/celtic01/celtic01.htm
http://home.pi.net/~siteklj/cornwall.htm
http://members.aol.com/ragnarok/artype/celtic
http://www.geocities.com/SoHo/5872/Graphics.html
Fonts
=====
http://www.smo.uhi.ac.uk/~smacsuib/fonts/
http://yeats.ucs.csufresno.edu/GAELIC-L.HTML
ftp://ftp.winsite.com/pub/pc/win3/fonts/
http://www.net-link.net/~bvgraph1/fonts.html
http://www.indigo.ie/egt/
http://members.aol.com/ragnarok/artype/celtic
[2.3] The Celtic Cross
It isn't Christian nor Celtic - the Celtic cross predates Christ by at
least 1,000 years and the arrival of Celts in Scotland by at least
1,500. The stones at Callanish are laid in the shape of a Celtic cross.
It is possible the Christians took the cross symbol from the Celts or
Megalithic peoples but certainly not that the Celts took the symbol
from the Christians.
[2.4] Postgraduate Courses in Celtic Studies
Dept of Celtic, The University of Edinburgh,
19/20 George Square, Edinburgh, EH8 9LD
Fax: 0131 650 6536
Tel: 0131 650 3622
contact: Professor William Gillies
http://www.arts.ed.ac.uk/celtic/
PhD (min 3 years); MLitt (min two years); MSc/Diploma (one year/nine
months)
Entrance qualifications for all three is a good Honours degree in
Celtic
studies or a related or relevant discipline, but I understand each case
is
considered on its individual merits.
The MSc/Diploma is based around a series of prescribed specialisms
including literary, linguistic and historical options of which
candidates chose one. There isn't much specific info on the content of
the other courses
The Dept of Celtic was founded in 1882 and is the oldest in Scotland.
Current members include Prof William Gillies (head of dept), Ronald
Black and Robert Mullally. Allan MacDonald also takes part in teaching.
Nerys Ann Jones, Kenneth MacKinnon and Cathair O Dochartaigh are
Honorary
Fellows of the Faculty of Arts in the field of Celtic Studies.
The other two Celtic Departments in Scotland are at
Aberdeen University
http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~lng014/celtic_dept/index.html
and Glasgow University. Cathair O'Dochartaigh is the head of department
there and Thomas Clancy (British Academy Post-Doctoral fellow) teaches
there.
It is said that Aberdeen, then Edinburgh then Glasgow give their
students
the best opportunities to leave as fluent Gaelic speakers. Edinburgh
also
has the School of Scottish Studies which is the world centre for
Scottish
ethnology, folklore, traditions, customs etc (covers the whole of
Scotland, not just the Highlands)
There may eventually also be courses on offer at the
University of the Highlands and Islands
http://www.uhi.ac.uk/
See also
http://www.yahoo.co.uk/Social_Science/Celtic_Studies
The School of Scottish Studies offers courses in ethnology and
has strong links with the Dept of Celtic (both part of Edinburgh
University)
http://www.ed.ac.uk/edinfo/cgi/deptinfo.cgi?173
[2.5] Article on History of Language in Scotland
In Britain (including Scotland), brythonic Celtic predates Gaelic by
almost 1000 years or so. Being spoken from Kent up to Glasgow and
across to Wales. Some people even suggest that Brythonic was spoken in
Ireland before Gaelic, but this notion begs the question... Where did
Gaelic come from and When? But that's another story. Pictish (possibly
Celtic) would probably predate even brythonic.
As to Gaelic and English in Scotland, The Highlands of Scotland were
occupied by Picts and the Lowlands were occupied by Brythonic Celts.
The Romans occupying the Lowlands during this time and when the Romans
left in 407, they left a weak kingdom, but still brythonic. The Scots
(Gaelic speaking) extended their region of Dalriada into Argyllshire,
between 500 and 550. The Angles extended the Kingdom of Northumbria
into Lothian, Berwick, Selkirk, Peebles and Roxburgh. As far as I am
aware these areas are in present day Scotland (except Berwick). The
Angles spoke a dialect of what is know today as "Old English". The
Angles
moved into this area about 540 -600, these are rough dates. As time
went
on, Scotland was left with 4 distinct areas. Dalriada, Pictland,
Strathclyde and Lothian (Northumbria). In 625 the Northumbrian Kingdom
stretched from the Humber to the Forth and was ruled by Edwin. In 685
the Northumbrians decided to try and extend Northumbria into Pictland
and hence invaded the Picts, but this was a big mistake. The
Northumbrian army was defeated by the Picts and eventually Northumbria
lost supremacy to the Southern Saxons. (Also why RP is based on
Southern English and Not Northumbrian ???). The Picts became the
supreme overlords of the Scots in Dalriada and the Brythonic Celts in
Strathclyde.
About 785, Pictland started to receive attacks from bands of Norse
invaders and these lead to Pictish defeats and in the 830 (approx), the
Norse invaders made permanent settlements.
In 843 Dalriada threw off Pictish control, where upon the Scots King
Kenneth MacAlpine laid claim to the Pictish throne through the Celtic
law of Tanistry. Followed by the union of the Picts and the Scots. The
now "United Kingdom" tried to oust the Northumbrians from Lothian but
were unsuccessful. At this time the Norse people occupied the Western
Isles, Northern Isles and Caithness.
The Scots allied themselves to the English to get rid of the Norse
Invaders and sometimes allied themselves with the Norse to get rid of
the English.
It was not until 1018 that the Scots Kingdom managed to remove Lothian
from the hands of the Northumbrians and in 1034 the Scots, Angles,
British and Picts were a United Kingdom of Scotland.
As far as I am aware MacBeth was the last of the Gaelic Kings, and he
himself was followed by Malcolm, whose wife (an English lass) moved the
royal court to Edinburgh around about 1070. At this time many
persecuted English people moved into Lothian from England due to Norman
Conquest. The English who were persecuted in England flourished in
Scotland.
The real point of all the above is that English has been spoken since
the 6th Century in Scotland. Not all of it but quite a large piece.
Modern Scots dates back to the first Angle invasions at this time.
Incidently whilst parts of Scotland were English speaking, parts of
England were still Celtic speaking eg West Yorkshire Kingdom of Elmet
and part of Cumbria.
To sum up English has been spoken for longer in Edinburgh than in Leeds.
Nick Higham has written an excellent book on the history of Northumbria.
Sorry don't have more details
[2.6] Article on Celtic knotwork
Celtic knots or Celtic interlace are ornamental patterns that first
became
associated with Celtic people in the early Celtic Church where they were
used to decorate Bible manuscripts, monuments (notably Celtic crosses
and
cross slabs) and jewellery. They probably were used in other media such
as
wood carving and textiles but these have not survived.
Knotwork tradition in manuscript painting probably came to Ireland with
displaced Coptic monks from Egypt by way of St. Martins monastery at
Tours,(in what is now France) in the 4th or 5th century. This is not a
settled issue as far as the art historians are concerned but the best
evidence I have seen points to Coptic prototypes. From Ireland the style
spread to Scotland (then Pictland and Dalriada), Wales and Northumbria
and
with missionaries of the Celtic Church to Europe. Viking raiders later
appropriated some of the design concepts into a more chaotic style of
animal interlace.
Celtic knots are complete loops with no end or beginning. Celtic animal
interlace is similar in construction but the cords terminate in feet,
heads, tails ect. The animal designs are very much influenced by an
older
Saxon tradition of abstract beast forms that when combined with the new
more sophisticated knotwork of the Celtic designers became known as
Hiberno-Saxon. A good Celtic artist will never end a strand that is not
stylized into a zoomorphic element or spiral. Rather pure knots should
always be unending. On this point of ornamental grammar you can
distinguish much that is made to look like Celtic design by designers
who
do not really know the tradition. The Coptic examples of knotwork that
pre-date the early Irish work are consistent this way while the Roman
and
Germanic examples of knotwork that sometimes are cited as possible
sources
often have loose ends. The way that ribbons are coloured in some of the
early Irish work, particularly the BOOK OF DURROW is the same as the
Coptic preference and there is a parallel evolution in Moorish design.
Do not get the idea that all Celtic art is borrowed and souped up from
other cultures. Celtic spiral designs are an older design form and have
been practiced by the Celts since the dawn of their existence. Very
difficult and sophisticated spirals exist in the same early works where
the knotwork and animal designs are relativly crude.
The Book of Kells is the best known source of Celtic knots as well as
other types of Celtic ornament. The Book of Kells is a fantastic
collection of paintings that illuminate the four Gospels in Latin,
penned
circa 800 AD The incredible degree of ornament and detail caused
Giraldus
Cambrensis in the 13th century to call it: "the work not of men, but of
angels" or as Umberto Eco wrote in 1990: "the product of a cold-blooded
hallucination"
In recent years Celtic Knots have enjoyed a revival however way too much
of this has amounted to copies of historical knots used in tourist type
craft goods. Fortunately there are a few artists who take the subject
more
seriously and are creating new and exciting knots. Check out Patrick
Gallagher at http://www.planet.net/celtart or Walker Metalsmiths at
http://www.underbridge.com/market/walker
Alexander Ritchie made quite a lot of pretty good silver jewelry
incorporating knotwork on the Isle of Iona from 1900 to his death in
1941.
George Bain wrote an excellent book titled CELTIC ART THE METHODS OF
CONSTRUCTION that is great if anyone is serious about learning how to
create new knots in the Celtic tradition. Bain's book was first
published
in 1951 but appeared as a series of booklets before that. Aidan Meehan
has
a series on Celtic design with an entire volume titled KNOTWORK.
As for symbolism: knotwork designs are emblematic in modern times of the
Celtic nationalities. The symbolism that has come down through the ages
is
as obscure and indirect as much of the speech and literature of the
Celtic
people. How then can we understand it?
If that which is not prose must be poetry, knotwork's meaning defies
literal translation and should be sought at a deeper level. the repeated
crossings of the physical and the spiritual are expressed in the
interlace
of the knots. The never ending path of the strand represents the
permanence and the continuum of life, love and faith.
[3.1] What is the Scots language. Who do I contact for more info?
See also answer [3.3]
The Scots language is a Germanic language related to English.
It is not Celtic, but has been influenced by Gaelic, as Scottish
Gaelic has been influenced by Scots. "Briogais", "gaileis",
"baillidh", "snaoisean", "burach", "sneag", etc etc.
The Membership Secretary, the Scots Language Society,
A. K. Bell Library, 2 - 8 York Place, Perth PH2 8EP.
Membership is 7 pounds a year
"The Pocket Guide to Scottish Words: Scots, Gaelic"
by Iseabail Macleod. Published by W&R Chambers, Ltd.
43-45 Annandale Street, Edinburgh EH7 4AZ
(ISBN 0-550-11834-9). Widely available at bookshops and airports
US distributors
Unicorn Limited, Inc.
P.O. Box 397
Bruceton Mills, WV 26525
(304) 379-8803
It has "Place names, personal names, food and drink. Scots and Gaelic
words
explained in handy reference form."
There are 30 pages of Scots words explained. No grammar. It does list
a
Mairi Robinson, editor-in-chief "The Concise Scots Dictionary" 1985,
(Aberdeen University Press) 862pp, a comprehensive one-volume
dictionary covering the Scots language from the earliest records to
the
William Grant, David Murison, editors "The Scottish National
Dictionary"
10 vols., 1931-76, the Scots language from 1700 to the present day,
Sir William Craigie, A J Aitken et al "A Dictionary of the Older
Scottish
Tongue" published up to Pr- in 5 vols., 1931-, the Scots language up to
1700.
Alexander Warrack, "Chambers Scots Dictionary" 1911, 717pp.
"The Scots School Dictionary", ed. Iseabail Macleod and Pauline
Cairns, Chambers 1996, 370pp. The best two-way dictionary currently
available.
A J Aitken, Tom McArthur, eds "Languages of Scotland" 1979, 160pp., a
collection of essays on Scots and Gaelic.
David Murison "The Guid Scots Tongue" 1977, 63pp
"The New Testament in Scots" 1983, by W L Lorimer
Just to add to the list of books of/about Scots, one should mention
the reprint of P Hately Waddell's _The_Psalms:_Frae_Hebrew_Intil_Scots_
(orig 1871, reprinted with modern introduction 1987 by Aberdeen Univ
Press).
I would love to see some instructive writing about the Scots tongue,
more than just word-lists. Especially pronunciation, intonation,
cadence,
etc. as well as grammar.
There are two books that are essential reading on the subject of Scots.
The first is "Scots: the Mither Tongue" by Billy Kay. This is available
both in hardback and paperback.
The second is "Why Scots Matters" by J. Derrick McClure. This is more of
a booklet than a book, and is an inexpensive paperback.
Colin Wilson is working on a "Teach yourself Scots" book.
There's also
George Kynoch, _Teach Yourself Doric_, Scottish Cultural Press;
published in 1995, I think.
[3.2] On-line Scots language info
ftp://jpd.ch.man.ac.uk/pub/Scots/ScotsFAQ.txt
Newsgroup: news:scot.scots
http://info.mcc.ac.uk/UMIST_CAL/Scots/hame.htm is the URL of Clive
Young's "Scots on the Wab", the best "wab steid" about Scots.
http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~src045 is the web site of the Univairsitie
o Aiberdeen Scots Leid Quorum.
http://babel.uoregon.edu/yamada/guides/scots.html
has links to various resources concerning Scots.
Scots Teaching And Research Network
http://www.arts.gla.ac.uk/www/english/comet/starn.htm
A lad bi the name o Clive Young his screived a buik titled "The Scots
http://toocool.itslab.calpoly.edu/%7Eadorman/Scots.html
There is a newsletter "The Gliffden". E-mail Dauvit Horsbroch on
[3.3] Learning Scots
Whit's Scots?
jouk, gulravae, stech, fushionless, ill-setten, nieve, orrals, pley,
incomin,
havers, clamihewit, murlin, upbring, hant, pleesure, bravity, fantoush,
smeddum, scunner, gilliegaupus, thrawn, glaikit, airtit, bogshaivelt,
flouers, eedjitm lintie, champit, pauchtie, dour, nainsel, pech, haun,
....
It's our ain tung!
The Scots Language Society
exists to promote Scots in literature, drama, the media, education and
every day usage. Since Scots was once the state language of Scotland, it
is a valid part of our heritage and the Society recognises that it
should
be able to take its place as a language of Scotland, along with Gaelic
and
English.
As well as promoting the language and lobbying education authorities and
the media for greater use of Scots, the society publishes the twice-
yearly
"Lallans", the magazine for writing in Scots (free to society members)
plus
a newsletter in Scots. It holds an annual conference, which has been
addressed by eminent writers, actors, journalists, musicians, television
presenters, scholars and others, and runs competitions encouraging both
adults and children to write in Scots.
The society can provide advice on the language to theatre companies,
schools,
etc.
The society is a registered charity.
Did ye ken?
The Anglo-Saxons said "Hoose" for "House", "Sang" for "Song" and
"Maist"
for "Most"
In Scotland, even speakers of Standard English use Scots words, idioms
and grammatical constructions without even realising it. Think about
"Janitor" (care-taker) or "I've got a cold" (I've a cold) or "Outwith"
(Outside)
Scots was once the state language of the kingdom of Scotland, used by
all classes for all purposes
Many of Scotland's greatest writers have used the Scots language to
express many of their most profound thoughts and ideas. eg. Robert
Henryson (c 1430-1506), Robert Burns (1759-1796), Robert Louis Stevenson
(1850-1894), Hugh MacDiarmid (1892-1978).
A great many common Scots words have cosmopolitan origins, such as
'Skank'
(drain, grating) from French, 'Scone' from Dutch, 'Kirk' from Old Norse
and
'Janitor' from Latin.
Today, Scots is a living language, in use outwith the Gaeltacht. It is
recognised as a seperate language, even in the European Union where it
is
represented by the bureau for lesser used languages.
Jyne us nou!
The Scots Language Society
The AK Bell Library
York Place
Perth
PH1 5EP
Telephone: 01738 440199
Fax: 01738 646505
Local branches of the society are to be found in Aberdeen, Edinburgh,
Glasgow and Perth.
(rates in pounds sterling)
Membership Europe Furth o Europe
Ordinar member 10 12
Jynt membership 15 15
(twa fowk at ae address)
Student/Unwaged 3 3
Schuil/
College Sponsorship 15 15
Corporate 20 20
To pay, either fill out the form and return it to us, enclosing a cheque
or postal order payable to the Scots Language Society or fill out the
first part of the form attached to pay by standing order. If you wish to
pay your subscriptions as a deed of covenant, fill out both parts of the
attached covenant form.
Return all forms to the Perth address above.
Banker's order
Please make the payment detailed below and debit my account
Payee: The Scots Language Society
Bank: The Royal Bank of Scotland
Glasgow Parkhead Branch
1304 Duke Street
Glasgow
G31 5PZ
Sort Code: 83-21-27
A/C No: 00256821
Payment date: On receipt of this order and annually thereafter on the
1st
of January until countermanded by me.
Reference: Quote my name when making payment
Deed of Covenant
UK Residents only
To: The Scots Language Society
I promise to pay you for four year, or during my life-time, if shorter,
each year from the date shown below.
(write in the space above, in your own handwriting, the words "Adopted
as holograph")
[4.1] Intro to Scottish Music
By Charles McGregor
There are several kinds of 'Scottish Music'.. First of all the Alexander
brothers, Kenneth McKellar, Moira Anderson, Bill McCue type thing is IMO
largely an amalgum of Harry Lauder type Coonery and a catering to
Tourist tastes (mostly English coach parties) in various 'Summer'
shows.
Most Scots do not like this kind of thing, it makes them cringe.
The Scottish folk circuit is where most Scots would look for a
real cultural night out. It is alive and vibrant, it is not just about
traditional music. There are many contemporary song-writers as well
as traditionalists.
Scotland being small, there is not a great deal of money available so
you find that often some of the folk circuit artists may leave the
circuit and go into other more lucrative areas. e.g. Gerry Rafferty,
Barbara Dickson, Billy Connelly, Eddie Reader.
Many remain e.g. Dougie MacLean, Eric Bogle, Archie Fisher, Hamish
Imlach, Battlefield Band, Dick Gaughan, Tannahill Weavers, Phil
Cunningham, Aly Bain.
Now at one time, the folk circuit consisted almost entirely of
little folk clubs up and down the country, there was not a deal of
concert hall performances except for the Corries, and this meant that
they were regarded a little apart from the general folk circuit as a
consequence of this.
Nowadays, concert hall performances are common as the folk
'revival' continues.(It seems to have been 'reviving' or getting bigger
all my life). Dougie MacLean, Dick Gaughan etc. regularly fill halls
up and down the country.
Another large part of the folk circuit that used to be almost non
existant is the 'folk fesitival'. I don't know how many there are now,
possibly hundreds. Used to be 1.. the Scottish folk festival for
years in Blairgowrie then moved to Kinross.
Folk programs or series make regular appearances on TV.
Then there is the ceilidh music. This basically falls into two camps.
First there is a fairly formal version where the musicians are
basically following a traditional trade. They are largely used for
formal or semi-formal 'occasions' like weddings or 'Dances' in hotels
or village halls. Scottish country dancing like this is regarded as a
little plastic, or perhaps formulaic is a more appropriate word.
However, Scots do go to these and frequently enjoy them, despite some
similarity to 'summer time specials' they are not an artifact of
tourism, although a lot of tourists will go as well. The Jimmy Shand
band might typify this class of music.
The Second type is the rapidly growing 'new order' of ceilidh music.
In this version, formality goes out the window. The main objective is
enjoyment, getting the dance steps wrong is almost irrelevant the
groups are expected to at least be attempting to push the envelopes of
the genre. There is a positive feedback between the audience and
group which leads to near frenzy all round. Wolfstone perhaps typify
this class of music.
Then there is Gaelic music, which again falls into two categories,
the formal and the less so. The formal consists of gaelic choirs up and
down the country with the mega event being the national Mod once a
year.
The less formal are essentially concert hall based and consist of
groups like Runrig, Capercaillie, Clan na Gael.
Now the above are guidlines there is considerable overlap from one
genre to the other. The term Celtic music covers several of them and
indeed in some branches exchange with Irish artistes is commonplace,
indeed several groups are part Irish part Scots e.g., Capercaillie,
Waterboys, Relativity.
For more info, see
http://celtic.stanford.edu/ceolas.html
Some review of musicians are at
http://www.lrz-muenchen.de/u/uh22501/html/music.html
(contributed by Craig Cockburn)
Scotland's Music
A History of the Traditional and Classical Music of Scotland
from Early Times to the Present Day
by John Purser
Published by Mainstream, 1992.
(7 Albany Street, Edinburgh, EH1 3UG)
ISBN 1-85158-426-9
311 pages; 225mm x 285 mm, hardback, 25 pounds (and worth every penny)
I got this book recently after seeing a lecture given by the author, now
Dr. John Purser. This groundbreaking award winning book evolved from
John's BBC radio series (covering 45 hours). The book covers the whole
of Scotland's music - from 8th Century BC to the present day. The book
covers both classical and traditional music individually and the links
between them. Includes early Celtic plainchant; ballads in Scots and
operatic; symphonic; Gaelic; folk revival and pop.
Chapters include
The Scottish Idiom
Bulls, Birds and Boars (800BC - AD400)
Briton, Pict and Scot (600-800)
The Bell and the Chant (500-1100)
Cathedral Voices (800-1300)
Ballads, Bards and Makars (1100-1500)
Gaelic bards, bagpipes and harps (1100-1600)
The Golden Age (1490-1550)
Reform (1513-1580)
The two Maries (1540-1590)
At the courts of the last King (1570-1630)
Music of the West (1530-1760)
From Covenanters to Culloden (1630-1750)
From Rome to Home (1660-1720)
The Temple of Apollo (1740-1770)
The Scots Musical Museum (1760-1850)
The Withdrawing room and the concert hall (1820-1920)
Sea, field and music hall (1820-1910)
The classical takes root (1910-1970)
A new accommodation (1950-)
also includes
select bibliography; select discography; libraries and archives;
glossary of Scottish musical terms; plates in colour and black
and white; over 200 musical examples; full index.
an absolutely brilliant work, meticulously researched, magnificient in
scope and beautifully presented. A must for anyone interested in
learning in depth about one of Europe's most musical cultures.
a double CD set was also issued, (1) including one track of particular
"Calgacus", by Edward McGuire (for orchestra + pipes), performed by an
unnamed piper and the BBC Symphony Orchestra. Can anyone name the
piper? George McIlwham, perhaps?
(1) "Scotland's Music" (Linn Records 1992, LINN CKD 008; Linn Products
Ltd, Floors Road, Eaglesham, Glasgow G76 0EP).
[4.2] Scottish music radio programmes
In Scotland
-----------
Radio Scotland (MW= Medium Wave 810, FM = 92.4 to 94.7). All the
programmes
below are FM and MW unless otherwise stated. Radio Scotland MW can be
picked up as far south as London when conditions are favourable.
Mon
Mr Anderson's fine tunes: 2:30-4:30
Tue
Mr Anderson's fine tunes: 2:30-4:30
Celtic Connections 7-9pm
Wed
Mr Anderson's fine tunes: 2:30-4:30
Thu
Mr Anderson's fine tunes: 2:30-4:30
Travelling Folk 7-9pm
Fri
Live at the Lemon Tree: 2-3pm
Mr Anderson's fine tunes: 3-4:30
Sat
Take the floor 6:30-8pm
Travelling Folk 8-10pm
Celtic Horizons 10-12midnight
Sun
The Reel Blend: 10-12am MW & FM
Pipeline: 9:00-9:45pm
Other
Radio nan Gaidheal also has a lot of music. Unsure of exact times of
music
programmes though. (On 103.5 - 105 & 97.9 FM) Na durachdan (6:05-7:30 on
Fridays) plays popular request music
Moray Firth Radio have a folk show on Thursday evenings 7:30 to 9:00.
Folk on 2, BBC Radio 2. Wednesdays 7-8pm.
Covers British Folk. Presented by Jim Lloyd
there is also frequent series of folk & features on Wednesdays between
8pm and
9:30pm on Radio 2 (three half hour programmes)
In the US
---------
The Thistle and Shamrock. This is hosted by Fiona Ritchie.
There is an on-line list of stations carrying this programme -
ftp://celtic.stanford.edu/pub/thistle.list (old information)
http://celtic.stanford.edu/pmurphy/thistle.html (much more current)
or http://www.cstone.net/~pmurphy/thistle.html
regularly to the news:rec.music.celtic group
Ceolas carries another list, of over one hundred American celtic music
http://celtic.stanford.edu/pub/radio.list
The Thistle and Shamrock has a brochure that gives some background on
Fiona
Ritchie and the show, and includes information about their Newsletter,
Playlists, and Souvenirs: T-shirts, a pin, tankard and coasters. If you
want
this brochure, send a SASE to "The Thistle and Shamrock, P.O. Box
560646,
Charlotte, NC 28256 (USA).
At Ceolas http://celtic.stanford.edu/ceolas.html, there is a list
"Ceolas Worldwide Celtic Music Radio Listing"
[4.3] What Scottish Record labels are there
Main labels are
Culburnie http://webzone1.co.uk/www/scotsweb/culburn.htm
Greentrax http://webzone1.co.uk/www/scotsweb/greentrx.htm
KRL http://dspace.dial.pipex.com/k.r.l/
Lismore http://www.lismor.co.uk/
Macmeanmna http://www.captions.co.uk/macmeanm/
Temple http://www.rootsworld.com/temple/index.html
Unit 7D, Muir of Ord Ind. Est., Ross-shire, Scotland. IV6 7UA
Tel: 01463 871422 Fax: 01463 871433
Ceardach Music, The Smiddy, Palace Road, Essendy, Blairgowrie,
Veesik Records, Brae, Shetland
Also, see http://sunsite.unc.edu/gaelic/gaelic.html for an extensive
list
of many celtic labels. Further info also at
http://celtic.stanford.edu/Internet_Sources.html
[4.4] How do I find out about Folk events in Scotland which might be on?
The Scottish Folk Arts Directory. This is a book detailing
virtually everything to do with the Scottish folk music scene.
contact: Blackfriars Music, 49 Blackfriars St, Edinburgh EH1 1NB
Tel: 0131 557 3090.
Check out the Gig Guide for what's happening in the pub folk scene
in Edinburgh. http://www.gigguide.co.uk/
For Edin/Glasgow info look in the folk section of
The List http://www.timeout.co.uk/TO/list/
(register via the ../TO/ page)
[4.5] Where's a good place to buy folk records?
Edinburgh
=========
A good shop which specialises exclusively in folk is Blackfriars Music
Blackfriars Music, 49 Blackfriars St, Edinburgh EH1 1NB
However, the large general music shops often have folk sections which
are far larger than Blackfriars.
Good places to try in Edinburgh are the Virgin on Princes St and
The HMV on Princes St and also in the St James Centre. Sometimes the
folk and Scottish sections are in different areas.
Folk is often subdivided in these shops into subcategories
(i.e. Scottish, Irish, pipe bands, folk etc).
John Menzies (sometimes pronounced "Mingis") and also on Princes St,
is ...
Could anyone help me I am an MA Fine Art student at Bathspa + am looking for help to help me identify images I have revealed from the Callanish stones site. They are celtic in origin ,with refs to tree of life, cup of life and Herne and Brigid my email is:- anna,hurl17@ bathspa.ac.uk Thanks
a***@bathspa.ac.uk
2017-12-08 01:47:24 UTC
Permalink
Raw Message
Could anyone help I have revealed images from the Callanish site and have celtic themes such as tree of life, cup of life, Herne, Bridget, cauldrons, swords . chariots and many other gods and need help to identify some of these. ***@bathspa.ac.uk
The Phantom Piper
2017-12-08 09:58:30 UTC
Permalink
Raw Message
Post by a***@bathspa.ac.uk
Could anyone help I have revealed images from the Callanish site
and have celtic themes such as tree of life, cup of life, Herne,
Bridget, cauldrons, swords . chariots and many other gods and
So, lass, you have necroed a more-than-10-year-dead post
from a Newsgroup where more than 95% of the posters have
died or gone to Facebook SCS.

All that are left here are a wee Dutch nutter named 'Dolf'
who replies to his own insane blather, a sheepshagging Kiwi
bastard named Hardy, an Asperger's victim Anglistani neo-Nazi
by the name of Peter Jason, and me (who has been dead since
the 16th Century). Good luck with your enquiries.


Hauntingly Helpful, As Ever,

The Phantom Piper
dolf
2017-12-08 10:57:32 UTC
Permalink
Raw Message
Is it fair by this SAINT ANDREWS cause célèbre to label the SCOTTS as a
dishonourable people and a reprobate culture who are entirely like
Islamists entirely disloyal to the Sovereign?

YOUTUBE: "[OFFICIAL VIDEO] Bohemian Rhapsody – Pentatonix"



— RACHEL WEEPING —

"*GORDON* IS MY ROCK,
I SO LOVE DILDO {[vulgar slang] a stupid or ridiculous person} GRANITE.
PEOPLE NOW CIRCLE THE BLOCK,
JUST TO LOOK AT JANET {God is merciful}."
<Loading Image...>

<Loading Image...>

<Loading Image...>

<Loading Image...>

[IMAGES @ (TOP LEFT) 1058 HOURS ON 17 MARCH 2017: "FUNERAL RIGHTS AND
CELEBRATING THE DEATH OF A STATE AS PLAQUE INSTALLATION @ (TOP RIGHT) 1510
HOURS ON 8 JUNE 2017 {#413 as #1, #30, #10, #300, #2, #70 = n. God of Oath,
Elisabeth / #383 as #3, #300, #80 = To stroke, caress; / #30, #300, #2, #6,
#70, #5 = shebuw`ah (H7621): {#6 as #383} 1) oath, curse; 1a) oath; 1a1)
attesting of innocence; 1a2) curse; 1b) oath (of Jehovah)} BY A CONTRIVED
SAINT ANDREWS CAUSE CÉLÈBRE IMPOSITION OBSERVED @ 1153 HOURS ON 10 JUNE
2017 (SHOWN BOTTOM LEFT / RIGHT) BEING MADE UPON THE BOER WAR MEMORIAL AS
THE ONLY SUBJECTIVE MEMORIAL OCCASION.

THE QUESTION I WOULD ASK, GIVEN WELLINGTON SHIRE COUNCIL'S CLEAR AND
STUBBORN REFUSAL TO CLARIFY THEIR BELLICOSE JINGOIST CONDUCT, WHICH BEGAN
ON SATURDAY 8 OCTOBER 2016 AND SYDNEY GLBTI COMMUNITY MARDI GRAS ON
SATURDAY 4 MARCH 2017 AS THE INTENTIONED IMPOSING OF A SUBSTITUTED VIRTUE
UPON OUR ANZAC TRADITION:

IF IT WAS SO CLEARLY A NON SUBSTITUTED VIRTUE AND NOT A PERVERSION OF STATE
AUTHORITY AND SOVEREIGNTY YOU WOULD BE CAPABLE OF AN ANSWER FOR YOUR
ACTIONS, BUT ALAS I CAN FIND NO OTHER MEDIA REPORTS OF ANY SUCH TOWN HALL
ASSEMBLAGES FOR THAT GIVEN DATE—CAN YOU ASSIST IN THAT REGARD?

IT'S GOING TO COURT ON THE 12 APRIL, 2017]

GORDON (noun):
from the marshes {#100 as #6, #1, #3, #40, #10, #40 = 'agam (H98): {#0 as
#44} 1) pool, troubled pool; 1a) troubled or muddy (gloomy) pools, marshes;
1b) any pool, pond; 1c) swamp reeds, reeds, rush(es)
#46 as #40, #3, #2, #1 = gebe (H1360): {#4 as #6} 1) *cistern*, *pool*; 1a)
*cistern*; 1b) *pool*, *marsh*;
#46 as #6, #3, #7, #30 = gezel (H1499): {#5 as #40} 1) *robbery*,
*plunder*;
s[c/k]eptic narcissistic swampy pool

— ST EVEN ROGERS —

"PERHAPS IT'S ALL IN THE TUNE,
THIS SOULLESS SENTIMENTALITY.
BUT A FUNERAL ⚰️ SONG,
AS SOMEONE GOES TOO SOON,
HARDLY CONSTITUTES A REALITY."

[In Memory of Steve {crowned} Rogers, Security Guard and Friend to
Others, Assassinated: 16 July, 2001 at Melbourne's Fertility Control
Clinic]

BILL JILLIANS (***@KOOKS) @ 2037 HOURS ON 15 JULY 2016: "Dolf seems to
think I'm anti-Semitic?

He just sent me an email. Real wrath of God stuff.

You got the wrong man Dolf. It is Mr. Smartypants who is the Holocaust
denier."
Post by The Phantom Piper
Post by a***@bathspa.ac.uk
Could anyone help I have revealed images from the Callanish site
and have celtic themes such as tree of life, cup of life, Herne,
Bridget, cauldrons, swords . chariots and many other gods and
So, lass, you have necroed a more-than-10-year-dead post
from a Newsgroup where more than 95% of the posters have
died or gone to Facebook SCS.
All that are left here are a wee Dutch nutter named 'Dolf'
who replies to his own insane blather, a sheepshagging Kiwi
bastard named Hardy, an Asperger's victim Anglistani neo-Nazi
by the name of Peter Jason, and me (who has been dead since
the 16th Century). Good luck with your enquiries.
Hauntingly Helpful, As Ever,
The Phantom Piper
— TRUTH WHISPERS AS TEARS IN RAIN

(c) 2017 Dolf Leendert Boek, Revision: 8 December, 2017

Nous: #24
Time:
Date: 2017.12.7
Torah: #10 #2 #40 %81 = #52
Dao: Important Distinctions, Trouble from Indulgence
Tetra: #18 - Waiting
I-Ching: H5 - Waiting, Delay, Attending, Waiting, Moistened, Arriving

Latin: Operator {Word which produces all things} Alt: Eriel {Watchfulness
of God} {

1. GENERATION OF BEINGS & PHILOSOPHICAL KNOWLEDGE
2. PROTECTS & REGENERATES, LEADS TO INNER HARMONY
3. PHENOMENA OF NATURE
4. Thopibui
}

Solar Eclipse: 9 March 1997 (AEST)
Solar Eclipse: 3 November 2013 (AEST)

#1379 CE

<http://www.grapple369.com?zen:5,row:7,col:5,nous:24&idea:{113}&idea:{232}&idea:{190}&idea:{354}>

***@zen: 5, row: 7, col: 5, nous: 24 [Date: 2017.12.7, Super: #232 /
#28 - Opposites and Primitivism, Returning to Simplicity; I-Ching: H24 -
Return, The turning point; Tetra: 2 - Full Circle, Ego: #354 / #24 -
Important Distinctions, Trouble from Indulgence; I-Ching: H5 - Waiting,
Delay, Attending, Waiting, Moistened, Arriving; Tetra: 18 - Waiting]

— TRUTH WHISPERS AS TEARS IN RAIN —

“WHAT OF GODHEAD.
AND IMAGO DEI.
OR TRUTH CONVEY?
BY PURE CONCEIT.

WHY BE WICKED.
SUCH AS THEE.
OF BLASPHEMY.
SELFISH DECEIT.

WHOM DID BLEED.
WAS IT NOT FOR ME?
YOUR COCK DENY.
NOW ALL FORFEIT.” [Written: 3 December 2017]

YOUTUBE: “Time to Die (Gary Numan)”




<Loading Image...>

[IMAGE: The eye {Y-M-T-A} glyph]
<Loading Image...>

[IMAGE: Note this same eye {Y-M-T-A} glyph within the Egyptian Book of the
Dead as shown husband / wife before Osiris {4x4 = 16 / #34} relative to the
equivalence of the DAOist meta-descriptor prototypes {H64 / #81}]

DOLF: “I will not tread foot in your churches and God is with me...

I ought to point out that the term ‘bleed’ refers to TIME magazines red
border and is of printed matter which tends to run off the edges of a page,
either by design or through mutilation caused by too close trimming.

“And I fell at his feet to worship him. And he said unto me, See [thou do
it] not: I am thy fellowservant, and of thy brethren that have the
testimony of JESUS {He is saved/A saviour; a deliverer} of NAZARETH
{Sovereign; one chosen or set apart; separated; crowned; sanctified}:

Worship God: for the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy.”
[Revelation 19:10 (KJV)]

FOOL FOR CHRIST @ 2355 HOURS ON 6 DECEMBER 2017: “IF WE ARE NOT ABOUT TO
OFFER TO OURSELVES THE HELP RENDERED BY THE FAST:

If we are not about to offer to ourselves the help rendered by the fast
because of bodily illness and at the same time display greater
indifference, we will see ourselves in an unusual exaggerated way.

For if the fast does not help us when all the aforementioned
accomplishments are missing so much is the case when we display greater
indifference because we cannot even use the medicine of fasting.

Since you have learned these things from us, I pardon you, those who can,
fast and you yourselves increase your acuteness and praiseworthy desire as
much as possible." [St. John Chrysostom, On Fasting]

"God is love, and he who abides in love abides in God, and God in him. Love
has been perfected among us in this: that we may have boldness in the day
of judgment; because as He is, so are we in this world." [1 John 4:16b-17]

Draw nigh unto God and He will draw nigh unto you.”

DOLF @ 0200 HOURS ON 7 DECEMBER 2017: “But whilst millions starve, is it
not hedonistic and indifferent towards the suffering of others to speak of
the indulgence by way of fast (I generally eat two meals a day) and
exaggeratedly bestow upon ourselves the abundant notion of pious?

Meals on wheels does just fine for Christmas...

... at least you don’t have to spend time with any other #MeToo’s whom some
after 20 years now trump the cause of cathartic antics for the clamorous
favours of an equivalence to American death row justice which declares
itself virtuous by public vote of consent as if it were a glorious
democracy.”

TONY ASTENGO: “Calm down rambo.”

DOLF: “Try not to declare your abject ignorance and misplaced jingoism as
being in any manner dignified especially when such conduct I was objecting
to amounts to treason against our nation.

But truth evidently offends you...

...for that reason I don’t think you are either willing or able to
prudently justify your diatribe as seminally vitriolic indolent life.

Your premature ejaculation will simply lay where it is as a declarative
self importance...”

ANTHONY WAGNER: “Shut up”

DOLF: “Pucker your prolapsed sphincter you reprobate of human dignity...

...that is if you have sufficient muscular control which I doubt given what
has come out of your mouth {ie. sphincter}.

Where is the screeching monkey who calls himself the Colonel?

You evidently now have no answers you impotent dildo as stiff-necked prick
and are hiding.

Here Pussy Pussy!

I want to read his entrails {ie. Mary Poppins} so as to determine what
future is set in place for him.

Crystal Balls 🔮 / 🎱?

YOUTUBE: “Deck the Hall”



Will you have a tantrum?”

America’s justice is blasphemous, godless and it’s people pitiless and
abhorrent.

And just before the assent given by the Governor General I released this
Winston Churchill speech to the nation...

YOUTUBE: “Winston S Churchill: We Shall Fight on the Beaches”



Rome is burning...

... and lo and behold an Aussie diplomat from the French embassy (France)
was on the evening news proposing marriage to his partner.

So it was an excellent spoof where some 90% of Churchill’s speech can
re-apply and a wonderfully true surreal story.

With the current instance of violence within Palestine over the USA 🇺🇸
[@1 / @5 dynamic] as implicit imperative within the embassy relocation to
Jerusalem, it ought to leave us in no doubt that the adoption of same sex
marriage legislation will do more to win the war against Islamic / Roman
Catholic religious extremism as the cause for terrorism and obstructions
towards peace than any other military action.

BARRY O’GRADY (LUCIFER MORNINGSTAR <***@FOR.MAIL>) @ 1739 HOURS ON 8
DECEMBER 2017: “Poofters can never be equal. Dolt knows that.

Gays don't want marriage as it would cramp their lifestyle.“

DOLF @ 1800 HOURS ON 8 DECEMBER 2017: “We have already invaded Ireland 🇮🇪
and they will capitulate soon...

EXPLAINING THE BRITISH DYNAMIC TO THE EUROPEAN UNION
No, I think that British sovereignty is well placed to be the pivot upon
which European Governance is delineated by the historical mirrored context
of the Netherlands and then is thereby able to circumscribe itself into a
viable dynamic as Union of autonomous sovereign states.

However Pantheon Macroeconomics’ Samuel Tombs argues that Britain won’t
actually end up leaving the European Union.

<https://www.businessinsider.com/brexit-will-not-happen-samuel-tombs-pantheon-macroeconomics-2017-12#4hgZfZy9USjj7bkb.99>

The quintessential jurisprudential #PARAGRAPHS to articulate the MECHANICS
of PROCESS is broadly sketched within this document...

SEE ALSO: “THE MATERIA PRIMA AND THE ATTRIBUTION OF AUTONOMY OF WILL AS
BEING IMPLIED AND INTRINSIC TO THE SOVEREIGN PRINCIPLES EXPRESSED BY QUEEN
VICTORIA WITHIN HER GRACIOUS GIFT AS THE INSTRUMENTATION KNOWN AS THE
LETTERS PATENT TO FEDERATION OF THE AUSTRALIAN COMMONWEALTH OF 1901”

<http://www.grapple369.com/docs/Materia.pdf>

Thus it is both within the European Union and yet distinct from it.

Hence business opportunities are also going well in Israel / Greece too
from what I hear...

If you want to now make yourself a casualty of war, it’s fine by me...

But your fascist prolapsed catholic opinions are against the law—take the
hint or I will force you by law and threat of imprisonment to stop your
abnormal conduct as irrational hatred.”

A DRAFT REVISION OF THIS DOCUMENT MAY BE OBTAINED AS A PDF DOCUMENT FROM
THIS URL:

<http://www.grapple369.com/docs/Whispers.pdf>

- dolf

Initial Post: 3 December 2017
--
SEE ALSO: *INVALIDATING* *THE* *ORTHODOX* *AND* *ROMAN* *CATHOLIC*
*CHURCH'S* *CLAIM* *TO* *JUBILEE2000* *AS* *BEING* *DELUSIONAL* *AND*
*FRAUDULENT*

Private Street on the edge of the Central Business District dated 16th
May, 2000 - This report is prepared in response to a TP00/55 as a Notice of
an Application for Planning Permit

- <http://www.grapple369.com/jubilee2000.html>

SEE ALSO: HYPOSTATIS as DAO OF NATURE (Chinese: ZIRAN) / COURSE (Greek:
TROCHOS) OF NATURE (Greek: GENESIS) [James 3:6]

Chinese HAN Dynasty (206 BCE - 220CE) Hexagon Trigrams to Tetragram
assignments proposed by Yang Hsiung (53BCE - 18CE) which by 4BCE
(translation published within English as first European language in 1993),
first appeared in draft form as a meta-thesis titled T'AI HSUAN CHING {ie.
Canon of Supreme Mystery} on Natural Divination associated with the theory
of number, annual seasonal chronology and astrology reliant upon the seven
visible planets as cosmological mother image and the zodiac.

It shows the ZIRAN as the DAO of NATURE / COURSE-trochos OF
NATURE-genesis [James 3:6] as HYPOSTATIS comprising #81 trinomial
tetragrammaton x 4.5 day = #364.5 day / year as HOMOIOS THEORY OF NUMBER
which is an amalgam of the 64 hexagrams as binomial trigrams / 81 as
trinomial tetragrammaton rather than its encapsulated contrived use as the
microcosm to redefine the macrocosm as the quintessence of the Pythagorean
[Babylonian] as binomial canon of transposition as HETEROS THEORY OF
NUMBER.

- <http://www.grapple369.com/nature.html>

The Charter of Human Rights and Responsibilities No. 43 of Act 2006
defines a "PERSON MEANS A HUMAN BEING” and the question is, if it is
permissible to extend this definition to be a "PERSON MEANS A HUMAN BEING
AS A CONSCIOUS REALITY OF HOMO[iOS] SAPIEN[T] WHO IS INSTANTIATED WITHIN
THE TEMPORAL REALITY AS THEN THE CAUSE FOR REASONING AND RATIONALITY."

That my mathematical theoretical noumenon defines the meta-descriptor
prototypes which are prerequisite to the BEING of HOMO[iOS] SAPIEN[T] as
EXISTENCE.

- http://www.grapple369.com/Grapple.zip (Download resources)

After all the ENNEAD of THOTH and not the Roman Catholic Eucharist,
expresses an Anthropic Cosmological Principle which appears within its
geometric conception as being equivalent to the Pythagorean
TETRAD/TETRACTYS
dolf
2017-12-08 12:30:51 UTC
Permalink
Raw Message
Post by dolf
Is it fair by this SAINT ANDREWS cause célèbre to label the SCOTTS as a
dishonourable people and a reprobate culture who are entirely like
Islamists *without* *exception* disloyal to the Sovereign?
YOUTUBE: "[OFFICIAL VIDEO] Bohemian Rhapsody – Pentatonix"
http://youtu.be/ojRj2JK5oCI
— RACHEL WEEPING —
"*GORDON* IS MY ROCK,
I SO LOVE DILDO {[vulgar slang] a stupid or ridiculous person} GRANITE.
PEOPLE NOW CIRCLE THE BLOCK,
JUST TO LOOK AT JANET {God is merciful}."
<http://www.grapple369.com/images/Janet.jpg>
<http://www.grapple369.com/images/OATH%2020170608%201510%20-%202.jpg>
<http://www.grapple369.com/images/BOER%2020170610%201153%20-%201.jpg>
<http://www.grapple369.com/images/BOER%2020170610%201153%20-%204.jpg>
HOURS ON 8 JUNE 2017 {#413 as #1, #30, #10, #300, #2, #70 = n. God of Oath,
Elisabeth / #383 as #3, #300, #80 = To stroke, caress; / #30, #300, #2, #6,
#70, #5 = shebuw`ah (H7621): {#6 as #383} 1) oath, curse; 1a) oath; 1a1)
attesting of innocence; 1a2) curse; 1b) oath (of Jehovah)} BY A CONTRIVED
2017 (SHOWN BOTTOM LEFT / RIGHT) BEING MADE UPON THE BOER WAR MEMORIAL AS
THE ONLY SUBJECTIVE MEMORIAL OCCASION.
THE QUESTION I WOULD ASK, GIVEN WELLINGTON SHIRE COUNCIL'S CLEAR AND
STUBBORN REFUSAL TO CLARIFY THEIR BELLICOSE JINGOIST CONDUCT, WHICH BEGAN
ON SATURDAY 8 OCTOBER 2016 AND SYDNEY GLBTI COMMUNITY MARDI GRAS ON
SATURDAY 4 MARCH 2017 AS THE INTENTIONED IMPOSING OF A SUBSTITUTED VIRTUE
IF IT WAS SO CLEARLY A NON SUBSTITUTED VIRTUE AND NOT A PERVERSION OF STATE
AUTHORITY AND SOVEREIGNTY YOU WOULD BE CAPABLE OF AN ANSWER FOR YOUR
ACTIONS, BUT ALAS I CAN FIND NO OTHER MEDIA REPORTS OF ANY SUCH TOWN HALL
ASSEMBLAGES FOR THAT GIVEN DATE—CAN YOU ASSIST IN THAT REGARD?
IT'S GOING TO COURT ON THE 12 APRIL, 2017]
from the marshes {#100 as #6, #1, #3, #40, #10, #40 = 'agam (H98): {#0 as
#44} 1) pool, troubled pool; 1a) troubled or muddy (gloomy) pools, marshes;
1b) any pool, pond; 1c) swamp reeds, reeds, rush(es)
#46 as #40, #3, #2, #1 = gebe (H1360): {#4 as #6} 1) *cistern*, *pool*; 1a)
*cistern*; 1b) *pool*, *marsh*;
#46 as #6, #3, #7, #30 = gezel (H1499): {#5 as #40} 1) *robbery*,
*plunder*;
s[c/k]eptic narcissistic swampy pool
— ST EVEN ROGERS —
"PERHAPS IT'S ALL IN THE TUNE,
THIS SOULLESS SENTIMENTALITY.
BUT A FUNERAL ⚰️ SONG,
AS SOMEONE GOES TOO SOON,
HARDLY CONSTITUTES A REALITY."
[In Memory of Steve {crowned} Rogers, Security Guard and Friend to
Others, Assassinated: 16 July, 2001 at Melbourne's Fertility Control
Clinic]
think I'm anti-Semitic?
He just sent me an email. Real wrath of God stuff.
You got the wrong man Dolf. It is Mr. Smartypants who is the Holocaust
denier."
Post by The Phantom Piper
Post by a***@bathspa.ac.uk
Could anyone help I have revealed images from the Callanish site
and have celtic themes such as tree of life, cup of life, Herne,
Bridget, cauldrons, swords . chariots and many other gods and
So, lass, you have necroed a more-than-10-year-dead post
from a Newsgroup where more than 95% of the posters have
died or gone to Facebook SCS.
All that are left here are a wee Dutch nutter named 'Dolf'
who replies to his own insane blather, a sheepshagging Kiwi
bastard named Hardy, an Asperger's victim Anglistani neo-Nazi
by the name of Peter Jason, and me (who has been dead since
the 16th Century). Good luck with your enquiries.
Hauntingly Helpful, As Ever,
The Phantom Piper
— TRUTH WHISPERS AS TEARS IN RAIN

(c) 2017 Dolf Leendert Boek, Revision: 8 December, 2017

Nous: #24
Time:
Date: 2017.12.7
Torah: #10 #2 #40 %81 = #52
Dao: Important Distinctions, Trouble from Indulgence
Tetra: #18 - Waiting
I-Ching: H5 - Waiting, Delay, Attending, Waiting, Moistened, Arriving

Latin: Operator {Word which produces all things} Alt: Eriel {Watchfulness
of God} {

1. GENERATION OF BEINGS & PHILOSOPHICAL KNOWLEDGE
2. PROTECTS & REGENERATES, LEADS TO INNER HARMONY
3. PHENOMENA OF NATURE
4. Thopibui
}

Solar Eclipse: 9 March 1997 (AEST)
Solar Eclipse: 3 November 2013 (AEST)

#1379 CE

<http://www.grapple369.com?zen:5,row:7,col:5,nous:24&idea:{113}&idea:{232}&idea:{190}&idea:{354}>

***@zen: 5, row: 7, col: 5, nous: 24 [Date: 2017.12.7, Super: #232 /
#28 - Opposites and Primitivism, Returning to Simplicity; I-Ching: H24 -
Return, The turning point; Tetra: 2 - Full Circle, Ego: #354 / #24 -
Important Distinctions, Trouble from Indulgence; I-Ching: H5 - Waiting,
Delay, Attending, Waiting, Moistened, Arriving; Tetra: 18 - Waiting]

— TRUTH WHISPERS AS TEARS IN RAIN —

“WHAT OF GODHEAD.
AND IMAGO DEI.
OR TRUTH CONVEY?
BY PURE CONCEIT.

WHY BE WICKED.
SUCH AS THEE.
OF BLASPHEMY.
SELFISH DECEIT.

WHOM DID BLEED.
WAS IT NOT FOR ME?
YOUR COCK DENY.
NOW ALL FORFEIT.” [Written: 3 December 2017]

YOUTUBE: “Time to Die (Gary Numan)”

http://youtu.be/KYt8Ia2nCWk


<http://www.grapple369.com/images/Circle.jpeg>

[IMAGE: The eye {Y-M-T-A} glyph]
<http://www.grapple369.com/images/weddingblues.jpg>

[IMAGE: Note this same eye {Y-M-T-A} glyph within the Egyptian Book of the
Dead as shown husband / wife before Osiris {4x4 = 16 / #34} relative to the
equivalence of the DAOist meta-descriptor prototypes {H64 / #81}]

DOLF: “I will not tread foot in your churches and God is with me...

I ought to point out that the term ‘bleed’ refers to TIME magazines red
border and is of printed matter which tends to run off the edges of a page,
either by design or through mutilation caused by too close trimming.

“And I fell at his feet to worship him. And he said unto me, See [thou do
it] not: I am thy fellowservant, and of thy brethren that have the
testimony of JESUS {He is saved/A saviour; a deliverer} of NAZARETH
{Sovereign; one chosen or set apart; separated; crowned; sanctified}:

Worship God: for the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy.”
[Revelation 19:10 (KJV)]

FOOL FOR CHRIST @ 2355 HOURS ON 6 DECEMBER 2017: “IF WE ARE NOT ABOUT TO
OFFER TO OURSELVES THE HELP RENDERED BY THE FAST:

If we are not about to offer to ourselves the help rendered by the fast
because of bodily illness and at the same time display greater
indifference, we will see ourselves in an unusual exaggerated way.

For if the fast does not help us when all the aforementioned
accomplishments are missing so much is the case when we display greater
indifference because we cannot even use the medicine of fasting.

Since you have learned these things from us, I pardon you, those who can,
fast and you yourselves increase your acuteness and praiseworthy desire as
much as possible." [St. John Chrysostom, On Fasting]

"God is love, and he who abides in love abides in God, and God in him. Love
has been perfected among us in this: that we may have boldness in the day
of judgment; because as He is, so are we in this world." [1 John 4:16b-17]

Draw nigh unto God and He will draw nigh unto you.”

DOLF @ 0200 HOURS ON 7 DECEMBER 2017: “But whilst millions starve, is it
not hedonistic and indifferent towards the suffering of others to speak of
the indulgence by way of fast (I generally eat two meals a day) and
exaggeratedly bestow upon ourselves the abundant notion of pious?

Meals on wheels does just fine for Christmas...

... at least you don’t have to spend time with any other #MeToo’s whom some
after 20 years now trump the cause of cathartic antics for the clamorous
favours of an equivalence to American death row justice which declares
itself virtuous by public vote of consent as if it were a glorious
democracy.”

TONY ASTENGO: “Calm down rambo.”

DOLF: “Try not to declare your abject ignorance and misplaced jingoism as
being in any manner dignified especially when such conduct I was objecting
to amounts to treason against our nation.

But truth evidently offends you...

...for that reason I don’t think you are either willing or able to
prudently justify your diatribe as seminally vitriolic indolent life.

Your premature ejaculation will simply lay where it is as a declarative
self importance...”

ANTHONY WAGNER: “Shut up”

DOLF: “Pucker your prolapsed sphincter you reprobate of human dignity...

...that is if you have sufficient muscular control which I doubt given what
has come out of your mouth {ie. sphincter}.

Where is the screeching monkey who calls himself the Colonel?

You evidently now have no answers you impotent dildo as stiff-necked prick
and are hiding.

Here Pussy Pussy!

I want to read his entrails {ie. Mary Poppins} so as to determine what
future is set in place for him.

Crystal Balls 🔮 / 🎱?

YOUTUBE: “Deck the Hall”

http://youtu.be/RPCXMTnO2Yw

Will you have a tantrum?”

America’s justice is blasphemous, godless and it’s people pitiless and
abhorrent.

And just before the assent given by the Governor General I released this
Winston Churchill speech to the nation...

YOUTUBE: “Winston S Churchill: We Shall Fight on the Beaches”

http://youtu.be/MkTw3_PmKtc

Rome is burning...

<Loading Image...>

[IMAGE: TWEET @ 1606 (AEST) HOURS ON 8 DECEMBER 2017: EU Commission
President Jean-Claude Juncker’s right-hand man tweeted a photo of white
smoke (a reference to the signal of choosing a new pope) shortly before a
deal was announced]

... and lo and behold an Aussie diplomat from the French embassy (France)
was on the evening news proposing marriage to his partner.

So it was an excellent spoof where some 90% of Churchill’s speech can
re-apply and a wonderfully true surreal story.

With the current instance of violence within Palestine over the USA 🇺🇸
[@1 / @5 dynamic] as implicit imperative within the embassy relocation to
Jerusalem, it ought to leave us in no doubt that the adoption of same sex
marriage legislation will do more to win the war against Islamic / Roman
Catholic religious extremism as the cause for terrorism and obstructions
towards peace than any other military action.

BARRY O’GRADY (LUCIFER MORNINGSTAR <***@FOR.MAIL>) @ 1739 HOURS ON 8
DECEMBER 2017: “Poofters can never be equal. Dolt knows that.

Gays don't want marriage as it would cramp their lifestyle.“

DOLF @ 1800 HOURS ON 8 DECEMBER 2017: “We have already invaded Ireland 🇮🇪
and they will capitulate soon...

EXPLAINING THE BRITISH DYNAMIC TO THE EUROPEAN UNION
No, I think that British sovereignty is well placed to be the pivot upon
which European Governance is delineated by the historical mirrored context
of the Netherlands and then is thereby able to circumscribe itself into a
viable dynamic as Union of autonomous sovereign states.

However Pantheon Macroeconomics’ Samuel Tombs argues that Britain won’t
actually end up leaving the European Union.

<https://www.businessinsider.com/brexit-will-not-happen-samuel-tombs-pantheon-macroeconomics-2017-12#4hgZfZy9USjj7bkb.99>

The quintessential jurisprudential #PARAGRAPHS to articulate the MECHANICS
of PROCESS is broadly sketched within this document...

SEE ALSO: “THE MATERIA PRIMA AND THE ATTRIBUTION OF AUTONOMY OF WILL AS
BEING IMPLIED AND INTRINSIC TO THE SOVEREIGN PRINCIPLES EXPRESSED BY QUEEN
VICTORIA WITHIN HER GRACIOUS GIFT AS THE INSTRUMENTATION KNOWN AS THE
LETTERS PATENT TO FEDERATION OF THE AUSTRALIAN COMMONWEALTH OF 1901”

<http://www.grapple369.com/docs/Materia.pdf>

Thus it is both within the European Union and yet distinct from it.

Hence business opportunities are also going well in Israel / Greece too
from what I hear...

If you want to now make yourself a casualty of war, it’s fine by me...

But your fascist prolapsed catholic opinions are against the law—take the
hint or I will force you by law and threat of imprisonment to stop your
abnormal conduct as irrational hatred.”

A DRAFT REVISION OF THIS DOCUMENT MAY BE OBTAINED AS A PDF DOCUMENT FROM
THIS URL:

<http://www.grapple369.com/docs/Whispers.pdf>

- dolf

Initial Post: 3 December 2017
--
SEE ALSO: *INVALIDATING* *THE* *ORTHODOX* *AND* *ROMAN* *CATHOLIC*
*CHURCH'S* *CLAIM* *TO* *JUBILEE2000* *AS* *BEING* *DELUSIONAL* *AND*
*FRAUDULENT*

Private Street on the edge of the Central Business District dated 16th
May, 2000 - This report is prepared in response to a TP00/55 as a Notice of
an Application for Planning Permit

- <http://www.grapple369.com/jubilee2000.html>

SEE ALSO: HYPOSTATIS as DAO OF NATURE (Chinese: ZIRAN) / COURSE (Greek:
TROCHOS) OF NATURE (Greek: GENESIS) [James 3:6]

Chinese HAN Dynasty (206 BCE - 220CE) Hexagon Trigrams to Tetragram
assignments proposed by Yang Hsiung (53BCE - 18CE) which by 4BCE
(translation published within English as first European language in 1993),
first appeared in draft form as a meta-thesis titled T'AI HSUAN CHING {ie.
Canon of Supreme Mystery} on Natural Divination associated with the theory
of number, annual seasonal chronology and astrology reliant upon the seven
visible planets as cosmological mother image and the zodiac.

It shows the ZIRAN as the DAO of NATURE / COURSE-trochos OF
NATURE-genesis [James 3:6] as HYPOSTATIS comprising #81 trinomial
tetragrammaton x 4.5 day = #364.5 day / year as HOMOIOS THEORY OF NUMBER
which is an amalgam of the 64 hexagrams as binomial trigrams / 81 as
trinomial tetragrammaton rather than its encapsulated contrived use as the
microcosm to redefine the macrocosm as the quintessence of the Pythagorean
[Babylonian] as binomial canon of transposition as HETEROS THEORY OF
NUMBER.

- <http://www.grapple369.com/nature.html>

The Charter of Human Rights and Responsibilities No. 43 of Act 2006
defines a "PERSON MEANS A HUMAN BEING” and the question is, if it is
permissible to extend this definition to be a "PERSON MEANS A HUMAN BEING
AS A CONSCIOUS REALITY OF HOMO[iOS] SAPIEN[T] WHO IS INSTANTIATED WITHIN
THE TEMPORAL REALITY AS THEN THE CAUSE FOR REASONING AND RATIONALITY."

That my mathematical theoretical noumenon defines the meta-descriptor
prototypes which are prerequisite to the BEING of HOMO[iOS] SAPIEN[T] as
EXISTENCE.

- http://www.grapple369.com/Grapple.zip (Download resources)

After all the ENNEAD of THOTH and not the Roman Catholic Eucharist,
expresses an Anthropic Cosmological Principle which appears within its
geometric conception as being equivalent to the Pythagorean
TETRAD/TETRACTYS
Alan Smaill
2017-12-08 12:23:11 UTC
Permalink
Raw Message
On Thursday, December 7, 2017 at 5:47:25 PM UTC-8,
Post by a***@bathspa.ac.uk
Could anyone help I have revealed images from the Callanish site and
have celtic themes such as tree of life, cup of life, Herne, Bridget,
cauldrons, swords . chariots and many other gods and need help to
So, lass, you have necroed a more-than-10-year-dead post
from a Newsgroup where more than 95% of the posters have
died or gone to Facebook SCS.
The Phantom Piper has been brain-dead here for decades.
All that are left here are a wee Dutch nutter named 'Dolf'
who replies to his own insane blather, a sheepshagging Kiwi
bastard named Hardy, an Asperger's victim Anglistani neo-Nazi
by the name of Peter Jason, and me (who has been dead since
the 16th Century). Good luck with your enquiries.
No actual help, then?

http://www.dayofarchaeology.com/tag/calanais/

-- has a bunch of pointers and images to do with the archeology
of Callanish

https://www.scotsman.com/news/strange-tales-from-6-sacred-stone-sites-of-scotland-1-4416563

-- has some folk tales relating to Callnish and other sites.
Hauntingly Helpful, As Ever,
Typo there.
The Phantom Piper
--
Alan Smaill
The Phantom Piper
2017-12-09 06:42:53 UTC
Permalink
Raw Message
Post by Alan Smaill
--
Alan Smaill
Oh, I forgot to mention Mr. Snaill, who pronounces his name: 'Sty'.


Detailing The Devil,

The Phantom Piper
Alan Smaill
2017-12-11 15:54:39 UTC
Permalink
Raw Message
Post by The Phantom Piper
Post by Alan Smaill
--
Alan Smaill
Oh, I forgot to mention Mr. Snaill, who pronounces his name: 'Sty'.
Ah, the rapier wit!
Post by The Phantom Piper
Detailing The Devil,
Still playing the Good Samaritan, I see.
Some things never change.
Post by The Phantom Piper
The Phantom Piper
--
Alan Smaill
dolf
2017-12-08 02:35:43 UTC
Permalink
Raw Message
What about unlawful Scottish Saint Andrews cause célèbre as failed
impositions upon our war dead as attempts to violate our nations
sovereignty.

Who from Scotland will be accountable and answer to the accusation?
Post by a***@bathspa.ac.uk
Version 3.2
URL: http://www.scot.demon.co.uk/scotfaq.html
Archive-name: scottish-faq
Soc-culture-scottish-archive-name: scottish-faq
Posting-Frequency: 4 months
Last-modified: 01-May-1997
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) for the soc.culture.scottish usenet
newsgroup
news:soc.culture.scottish was created on 25th May 1995
This version of the FAQ: 1-May-97
Foreword
--------
The latest version of this FAQ is at http://www.scot.demon.co.uk/scotfaq
.html
together with FTP sites for the FAQ and details of how to get it by
mail.
There are details there of the FAQ in Text, HTML and Zip formats.
This FAQ is a living document, if there's any corrections, additions or
comments you'd like to make, please send them to me for the next
edition.
The next rtfm.mit.edu release is likely to be 1-Aug-97
Thanks to all those who have contributed articles, comments and
corrections
to this FAQ.
Craig Cockburn , Editor and main author.
WWW: http://www.smo.uhi.ac.uk/~craig/
Edinburgh, Scotland.
Please don't e-mail me with tourism, where to stay questions about
Scotland
as I don't generally have the time to answer these.
Please ask them in soc.culture.scottish or ask the Scottish tourist
board
http://www.scotland.net/stb/
See http://www.scot.demon.co.uk/celtfaq.html for information on other
Celtic
countries or visit the Celtic information link in section 20.4 below.
Alba - Scotland
==============>
General
-------
[1.1] Scotland's name
[1.2] Scottish Saints and Towns
Celtic & general language information
-------------------------------------
[2.1] Celtic background
[2.2] Celtic knotwork and art links
[2.3] The Celtic Cross
[2.4] Postgraduate courses in Celtic Studies
[2.5] Article on History of Language in Scotland
[2.6] Article on Celtic knotwork
Scots language information
--------------------------
[3.1] What is the Scots language. Who do I contact for more info?
[3.2] On-line Scots language info
[3.3] Learning Scots
Scottish music, poetry and literature
-------------------------------------
[4.1] Intro to Scottish Music
[4.2] Scottish music radio programmes
[4.3] What Scottish Record labels are there
[4.4] How do I find out about Folk events in Scotland which might be on?
[4.5] Where's a good place to buy folk records?
[4.6] Primary folk music pubs and sessions
[4.7] Books for learning the fiddle
[4.8] Scottish music information
[4.9] Primary Literary figures
[4.10] Info on Robert Burns
[4.11] Address to a Haggis - Robert Burns
[4.12] Robert Burns links
[4.13] Living Tradition.
[4.14] Fiddle styles
[4.15] The Piano film music
[4.16] Where can I get a piper?
[4.17] Early Bagpipe references
[4.18] The Celtic muse in Scott's "Waverley"
[4.19] Where can I get bagpipes?
[4.20] Learning to play the harp
[4.21] Scottish Arts Council
Song lyrics
-----------
[5.1] Any Scottish songs on-line?
[5.2] Scottish song books
[5.3] Frequently requested songs
Festivals
---------
[6.1] When are the major Scottish folk festivals
[6.2] Edinburgh Festival Fringe
[6.3] Edinburgh Folk Festival
[6.4] Gaelic festivals
[6.5] Mayfest
[6.6] Scottish/Celtic festivals worldwide
Gaelic information
------------------
[7.1] How can I learn Gaelic?
[7.2] Gaelic links
[7.3] Where can I get Gaelic books?
[7.4] Scots Gaelic products and catalog
[7.5] Where can I get Gaelic music and words, info on Gaelic songs
[7.6] How do I find out about Mods in my area. What is a Mod?
[7.7] How mutually intelligible are Scots and Irish Gaelic
[7.8] How can I get Gaelic TV/radio programmes
[7.9] Gaelic newspapers
[7.10] Gaelic playgroups
[7.11] Attitudes towards Gaelic TV in Scotland
[7.12] Commercial Scots Gaelic translation service
[7.13] Dog commands in Gaelic
[7.14] Info on Scots Gaelic accents
[7.15] Gaelic Arts
[7.16] The Celtic League in Scotland
Gaelic song and music
---------------------
[8.1] Waulking songs
[8.2] Puirt a beul
[8.3] Gaelic psalm singing
[8.4] Piobaireachd / Pibroch
[8.5] Oldest Datable Gaelic Song
[8.6] Cape Breton music mailing list
[8.7] Information on Runrig
[8.8] Information on Capercaillie
Scottish dance
--------------
[9.1] Understanding Scottish Dance music
[9.2] What is a Ceilidh
[9.3] Article on Scottish Step Dancing
[9.4] What is Scottish Country Dancing?
[9.5] Scottish Highland Dancing
[9.6] Books on Scottish dancing
Scottish food and drink and pubs
---------------------------------
[10.1] Where can I get haggis?
[10.2] Info on cooking and haggis
[10.3] Best Scottish pubs
[10.4] Whisky (whiskey)
[10.5] Traditional Bread recipie (Gaelic and English)
[10.6] Irn-bru
Political information
---------------------
[11.1] Politics: Scotland and the UK/devolution/independence
[11.2] Scottish Independence information
[11.3] Article on Indepedence
[11.4] Political Quotations
(articles on Devolution and Status Quo appreciated!)
[11.5] The Monarchy
Historical information
----------------------
[12.1] How do I trace my Scottish ancestry?
[12.2] Scottish Monarchs
[12.3] Declaration of Arbroath
[12.4] History and Archaeology information
[12.5] The Picts
[12.6] Antiquarian books
[12.7] Historical re-enactments
[12.8] Museum of Scotland project
Traditions and Culture
----------------------
[13.1] Kirking of the tartans
[13.2] When are Burns night and St Andrews Day.
[13.3] Scottish Cultural classes (music, singing, language, history
etc)
[13.4] Where can I buy a kilt/Highland accessories
[13.5] Scotch
[13.6] Plaid
[13.7] Scottish Wedding vows in Gaelic and English
[13.8] Scottish Wedding Information
[13.9] Gaelic wedding blessing
[13.10] Braveheart information
[13.11] Tartan
[13.12] The Bruce film
[13.13] Choosing a Scottish name for your child
[13.14] Cultural Newletters
[13.15] Literature Magazines and newsletters
[13.16] Highland Games
[13.17] Hogmanay/New Year customs
Hillwalking
-----------
[14.1] The Ramblers Association
[14.2] Books for hillwalkers
[14.3] What is a Munro/Corbett?
Travel and What's on
--------------------
[15.1] What's on
[15.2] Scottish Guide books
[15.3] What's the number of the Scottish Tourist Board ?
[15.4] Weather info
[15.5] The Scottish Youth Hostels Association
[15.6] Seeing Underground Edinburgh
Areas of Scotland
-----------------
[16.1] Shetland and Orkney info
[16.2] Cromarty
[16.3] William Street, Edinburgh
-- More info here welcomed!
Education
---------
[17.1] Intro to Scottish Education
[17.2] Scottish Vocational Education Council
[17.3] Books/Info on Studying Scottish Culture
Current Affairs / Modern Life / Sport
-------------------------------------
[18.1] Scottish newspapers on-line
[18.2] Radio and TV
[18.3] New Scottish Local Authorities
[18.4] Quangos
[18.5] OBEs, honorific titles, etc
[18.6] Getting a job in Scotland
[18.7] Legal questions
[18.8] Scottish Yellow Pages
[18.9] Scottish White Pages
[18.10] The Scottish Office
[18.11] Rugby
[18.12] Dunblane/Cullen Report
[18.13] Buying a house
[18.14] Camanachd (shinty)
[18.15] Golf
[18.16] Angling
[18.17] Football
[18.18] Cricket
Internet/Computing information
------------------------------
[19.1] How to get scot.* hierarchy groups
[19.2] Getting hooked up to the internet
[19.3] Internet Cafes & Public Internet Access Points
[19.4] How can I find someone who lives in Scotland and may be on the
net?
[19.5] Silicon Glen - Scottish Software
Sources of Further information
------------------------------
[20.1] Scottish URLs
[20.2] Scottish Text Archive
[20.3] Scottish newsgroups
[20.4] Celtic information and Celtic FAQs
[20.5] European Community Folk Culture
[20.6] Mailing lists
[20.7] International organisations
[20.8] Faxing Scotland by E-mail
[20.9] Alphabetic list of URLs in this FAQ
--==<< Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) >>==--
Gaelic: Ceistean Minig a Thig
Scots: Aften speirit quaistions
"Is truagh nach ta\inig Minig Nach Tig
Leath cho minig 's a tha\inig Minig a Thig"
<It's a pity that the things which don't come often
don't come half as frequently as the things which do">
(adapted from an Irish story)
[1.1] Scotland's name
Scotland gets its name from the Scots, or Scotti who first arrived
in Argyll in the late 3rd to mid 4th centuries AD. It was not until
about 500AD that they built up a sizeable colony though. The Scots
spoke Irish, not Scots. Scots is a Germanic language like English,
described later. "Scotti" is what the Romans called them. We don't
know what they called themselves!
Some info on the Romans is available at
http://www.almac.co.uk/es/history/genhist/
[1.2] Scottish Saints and Towns
St Andrew: Scotland and St Andrews
Towns/Cities/Places in alphabetic order
St Nicholas: Aberdeen
St Blane: Dunblane
St Mary: Dundee
St Margaret: Dunfermline
St Giles: Edinburgh
St Mungo/Kentigern: Glasgow
St Molaise: Holy Isle off Arran
St Columba: Iona
St Cuthbert: Kirkcudbright
St Magnus: Kirkwall
St Baldred: North Berwick
St Mirren: Paisley
St John: Perth
St Ninian: Whithorn
Sources: Scottish Traditions & Festivals, Raymond Lamont-Brown, W & R
Chambers,
Edinburgh, 1991
[2.1] Celtic background
It is incorrect to think of Scotland as a wholly Celtic country. Since
the first millenium BC, Scotland has been a place of multiple languages
and this tradition continues today. First of all it was Pictish and
British; then Gaelic, Norse and Scots came and today it's English,
Scots and Gaelic. Nearly all of Scotland was once Gaelic speaking
except Orkney, Shetland and Caithness which had a variety of Norse
until recent times and East Lothian which was settled by the Angles.
Galloway had a Gaelic community which became separated from the Gaelic
speaking Highlands and Gaelic was still in use until about the 17th
century in Galloway. "Poets, scholars and writers in Lowland Scotland
up until the 16th century readily acknowledged Gaelic to be the true
and original Scottish language. As we know, though, it was an incomer
just as much as Anglo-Saxon! For Walter Kennedy 'it suld be al trew
Scottis mennis lede': ('Flyting with Dunbar' c.1500)" : section quoted
from "Gaelic: a past and future prospect", Kenneth Mackinnon. Gaelic is
a Celtic language, like Irish.
Other notable reads include anything by the late Prof Kenneth Jackson,
particularly "A Celtic Miscellany", any of John Prebble's books (eg
"1000
years of Scottish History") or Nigel Tranter ("The Story of Scotland")
or
Michael Lynch's "Scotland: A new history".
[2.2] Celtic knotwork and art links
Clip art etc
===========> http://www.ctnet.com/drew/celthome.html
http://www.smo.uhi.ac.uk/~craig/joscelin.html
http://www.smo.uhi.ac.uk/~craig/gaidhlig.html
http://www.ctnet.com/drew/knotwork.html
http://www.dickalba.demon.co.uk/
http://www.iserv.net/~scottish/
http://celtic.stanford.edu/clipart.html
http://www.west.net/~celtlady/
http://www.planet.net/celtart
http://www.underbridge.com/market/walker
http://members.aol.com/celtic01/celtic01.htm
http://home.pi.net/~siteklj/cornwall.htm
http://members.aol.com/ragnarok/artype/celtic
http://www.geocities.com/SoHo/5872/Graphics.html
Fonts
====> http://www.smo.uhi.ac.uk/~smacsuib/fonts/
http://yeats.ucs.csufresno.edu/GAELIC-L.HTML
ftp://ftp.winsite.com/pub/pc/win3/fonts/
http://www.net-link.net/~bvgraph1/fonts.html
http://www.indigo.ie/egt/
http://members.aol.com/ragnarok/artype/celtic
[2.3] The Celtic Cross
It isn't Christian nor Celtic - the Celtic cross predates Christ by at
least 1,000 years and the arrival of Celts in Scotland by at least
1,500. The stones at Callanish are laid in the shape of a Celtic cross.
It is possible the Christians took the cross symbol from the Celts or
Megalithic peoples but certainly not that the Celts took the symbol
from the Christians.
[2.4] Postgraduate Courses in Celtic Studies
Dept of Celtic, The University of Edinburgh,
19/20 George Square, Edinburgh, EH8 9LD
Fax: 0131 650 6536
Tel: 0131 650 3622
contact: Professor William Gillies
http://www.arts.ed.ac.uk/celtic/
PhD (min 3 years); MLitt (min two years); MSc/Diploma (one year/nine
months)
Entrance qualifications for all three is a good Honours degree in
Celtic
studies or a related or relevant discipline, but I understand each case
is
considered on its individual merits.
The MSc/Diploma is based around a series of prescribed specialisms
including literary, linguistic and historical options of which
candidates chose one. There isn't much specific info on the content of
the other courses
The Dept of Celtic was founded in 1882 and is the oldest in Scotland.
Current members include Prof William Gillies (head of dept), Ronald
Black and Robert Mullally. Allan MacDonald also takes part in teaching.
Nerys Ann Jones, Kenneth MacKinnon and Cathair O Dochartaigh are
Honorary
Fellows of the Faculty of Arts in the field of Celtic Studies.
The other two Celtic Departments in Scotland are at
Aberdeen University
http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~lng014/celtic_dept/index.html
and Glasgow University. Cathair O'Dochartaigh is the head of department
there and Thomas Clancy (British Academy Post-Doctoral fellow) teaches
there.
It is said that Aberdeen, then Edinburgh then Glasgow give their
students
the best opportunities to leave as fluent Gaelic speakers. Edinburgh
also
has the School of Scottish Studies which is the world centre for
Scottish
ethnology, folklore, traditions, customs etc (covers the whole of
Scotland, not just the Highlands)
There may eventually also be courses on offer at the
University of the Highlands and Islands
http://www.uhi.ac.uk/
See also
http://www.yahoo.co.uk/Social_Science/Celtic_Studies
The School of Scottish Studies offers courses in ethnology and
has strong links with the Dept of Celtic (both part of Edinburgh
University)
http://www.ed.ac.uk/edinfo/cgi/deptinfo.cgi?173
[2.5] Article on History of Language in Scotland
In Britain (including Scotland), brythonic Celtic predates Gaelic by
almost 1000 years or so. Being spoken from Kent up to Glasgow and
across to Wales. Some people even suggest that Brythonic was spoken in
Ireland before Gaelic, but this notion begs the question... Where did
Gaelic come from and When? But that's another story. Pictish (possibly
Celtic) would probably predate even brythonic.
As to Gaelic and English in Scotland, The Highlands of Scotland were
occupied by Picts and the Lowlands were occupied by Brythonic Celts.
The Romans occupying the Lowlands during this time and when the Romans
left in 407, they left a weak kingdom, but still brythonic. The Scots
(Gaelic speaking) extended their region of Dalriada into Argyllshire,
between 500 and 550. The Angles extended the Kingdom of Northumbria
into Lothian, Berwick, Selkirk, Peebles and Roxburgh. As far as I am
aware these areas are in present day Scotland (except Berwick). The
Angles spoke a dialect of what is know today as "Old English". The
Angles
moved into this area about 540 -600, these are rough dates. As time
went
on, Scotland was left with 4 distinct areas. Dalriada, Pictland,
Strathclyde and Lothian (Northumbria). In 625 the Northumbrian Kingdom
stretched from the Humber to the Forth and was ruled by Edwin. In 685
the Northumbrians decided to try and extend Northumbria into Pictland
and hence invaded the Picts, but this was a big mistake. The
Northumbrian army was defeated by the Picts and eventually Northumbria
lost supremacy to the Southern Saxons. (Also why RP is based on
Southern English and Not Northumbrian ???). The Picts became the
supreme overlords of the Scots in Dalriada and the Brythonic Celts in
Strathclyde.
About 785, Pictland started to receive attacks from bands of Norse
invaders and these lead to Pictish defeats and in the 830 (approx), the
Norse invaders made permanent settlements.
In 843 Dalriada threw off Pictish control, where upon the Scots King
Kenneth MacAlpine laid claim to the Pictish throne through the Celtic
law of Tanistry. Followed by the union of the Picts and the Scots. The
now "United Kingdom" tried to oust the Northumbrians from Lothian but
were unsuccessful. At this time the Norse people occupied the Western
Isles, Northern Isles and Caithness.
The Scots allied themselves to the English to get rid of the Norse
Invaders and sometimes allied themselves with the Norse to get rid of
the English.
It was not until 1018 that the Scots Kingdom managed to remove Lothian
from the hands of the Northumbrians and in 1034 the Scots, Angles,
British and Picts were a United Kingdom of Scotland.
As far as I am aware MacBeth was the last of the Gaelic Kings, and he
himself was followed by Malcolm, whose wife (an English lass) moved the
royal court to Edinburgh around about 1070. At this time many
persecuted English people moved into Lothian from England due to Norman
Conquest. The English who were persecuted in England flourished in
Scotland.
The real point of all the above is that English has been spoken since
the 6th Century in Scotland. Not all of it but quite a large piece.
Modern Scots dates back to the first Angle invasions at this time.
Incidently whilst parts of Scotland were English speaking, parts of
England were still Celtic speaking eg West Yorkshire Kingdom of Elmet
and part of Cumbria.
To sum up English has been spoken for longer in Edinburgh than in Leeds.
Nick Higham has written an excellent book on the history of Northumbria.
Sorry don't have more details
[2.6] Article on Celtic knotwork
Celtic knots or Celtic interlace are ornamental patterns that first
became
associated with Celtic people in the early Celtic Church where they were
used to decorate Bible manuscripts, monuments (notably Celtic crosses
and
cross slabs) and jewellery. They probably were used in other media such
as
wood carving and textiles but these have not survived.
Knotwork tradition in manuscript painting probably came to Ireland with
displaced Coptic monks from Egypt by way of St. Martins monastery at
Tours,(in what is now France) in the 4th or 5th century. This is not a
settled issue as far as the art historians are concerned but the best
evidence I have seen points to Coptic prototypes. From Ireland the style
spread to Scotland (then Pictland and Dalriada), Wales and Northumbria
and
with missionaries of the Celtic Church to Europe. Viking raiders later
appropriated some of the design concepts into a more chaotic style of
animal interlace.
Celtic knots are complete loops with no end or beginning. Celtic animal
interlace is similar in construction but the cords terminate in feet,
heads, tails ect. The animal designs are very much influenced by an
older
Saxon tradition of abstract beast forms that when combined with the new
more sophisticated knotwork of the Celtic designers became known as
Hiberno-Saxon. A good Celtic artist will never end a strand that is not
stylized into a zoomorphic element or spiral. Rather pure knots should
always be unending. On this point of ornamental grammar you can
distinguish much that is made to look like Celtic design by designers
who
do not really know the tradition. The Coptic examples of knotwork that
pre-date the early Irish work are consistent this way while the Roman
and
Germanic examples of knotwork that sometimes are cited as possible
sources
often have loose ends. The way that ribbons are coloured in some of the
early Irish work, particularly the BOOK OF DURROW is the same as the
Coptic preference and there is a parallel evolution in Moorish design.
Do not get the idea that all Celtic art is borrowed and souped up from
other cultures. Celtic spiral designs are an older design form and have
been practiced by the Celts since the dawn of their existence. Very
difficult and sophisticated spirals exist in the same early works where
the knotwork and animal designs are relativly crude.
The Book of Kells is the best known source of Celtic knots as well as
other types of Celtic ornament. The Book of Kells is a fantastic
collection of paintings that illuminate the four Gospels in Latin,
penned
circa 800 AD The incredible degree of ornament and detail caused
Giraldus
Cambrensis in the 13th century to call it: "the work not of men, but of
angels" or as Umberto Eco wrote in 1990: "the product of a cold-blooded
hallucination"
In recent years Celtic Knots have enjoyed a revival however way too much
of this has amounted to copies of historical knots used in tourist type
craft goods. Fortunately there are a few artists who take the subject
more
seriously and are creating new and exciting knots. Check out Patrick
Gallagher at http://www.planet.net/celtart or Walker Metalsmiths at
http://www.underbridge.com/market/walker
Alexander Ritchie made quite a lot of pretty good silver jewelry
incorporating knotwork on the Isle of Iona from 1900 to his death in
1941.
George Bain wrote an excellent book titled CELTIC ART THE METHODS OF
CONSTRUCTION that is great if anyone is serious about learning how to
create new knots in the Celtic tradition. Bain's book was first
published
in 1951 but appeared as a series of booklets before that. Aidan Meehan
has
a series on Celtic design with an entire volume titled KNOTWORK.
As for symbolism: knotwork designs are emblematic in modern times of the
Celtic nationalities. The symbolism that has come down through the ages
is
as obscure and indirect as much of the speech and literature of the
Celtic
people. How then can we understand it?
If that which is not prose must be poetry, knotwork's meaning defies
literal translation and should be sought at a deeper level. the repeated
crossings of the physical and the spiritual are expressed in the
interlace
of the knots. The never ending path of the strand represents the
permanence and the continuum of life, love and faith.
[3.1] What is the Scots language. Who do I contact for more info?
See also answer [3.3]
The Scots language is a Germanic language related to English.
It is not Celtic, but has been influenced by Gaelic, as Scottish
Gaelic has been influenced by Scots. "Briogais", "gaileis",
"baillidh", "snaoisean", "burach", "sneag", etc etc.
The Membership Secretary, the Scots Language Society,
A. K. Bell Library, 2 - 8 York Place, Perth PH2 8EP.
Membership is 7 pounds a year
"The Pocket Guide to Scottish Words: Scots, Gaelic"
by Iseabail Macleod. Published by W&R Chambers, Ltd.
43-45 Annandale Street, Edinburgh EH7 4AZ
(ISBN 0-550-11834-9). Widely available at bookshops and airports
US distributors
Unicorn Limited, Inc.
P.O. Box 397
Bruceton Mills, WV 26525
(304) 379-8803
It has "Place names, personal names, food and drink. Scots and Gaelic
words
explained in handy reference form."
There are 30 pages of Scots words explained. No grammar. It does list
a
Mairi Robinson, editor-in-chief "The Concise Scots Dictionary" 1985,
(Aberdeen University Press) 862pp, a comprehensive one-volume
dictionary covering the Scots language from the earliest records to
the
William Grant, David Murison, editors "The Scottish National
Dictionary"
10 vols., 1931-76, the Scots language from 1700 to the present day,
Sir William Craigie, A J Aitken et al "A Dictionary of the Older
Scottish
Tongue" published up to Pr- in 5 vols., 1931-, the Scots language up to
1700.
Alexander Warrack, "Chambers Scots Dictionary" 1911, 717pp.
"The Scots School Dictionary", ed. Iseabail Macleod and Pauline
Cairns, Chambers 1996, 370pp. The best two-way dictionary currently
available.
A J Aitken, Tom McArthur, eds "Languages of Scotland" 1979, 160pp., a
collection of essays on Scots and Gaelic.
David Murison "The Guid Scots Tongue" 1977, 63pp
"The New Testament in Scots" 1983, by W L Lorimer
Just to add to the list of books of/about Scots, one should mention
the reprint of P Hately Waddell's _The_Psalms:_Frae_Hebrew_Intil_Scots_
(orig 1871, reprinted with modern introduction 1987 by Aberdeen Univ
Press).
I would love to see some instructive writing about the Scots tongue,
more than just word-lists. Especially pronunciation, intonation,
cadence,
etc. as well as grammar.
There are two books that are essential reading on the subject of Scots.
The first is "Scots: the Mither Tongue" by Billy Kay. This is available
both in hardback and paperback.
The second is "Why Scots Matters" by J. Derrick McClure. This is more of
a booklet than a book, and is an inexpensive paperback.
Colin Wilson is working on a "Teach yourself Scots" book.
There's also
George Kynoch, _Teach Yourself Doric_, Scottish Cultural Press;
published in 1995, I think.
[3.2] On-line Scots language info
ftp://jpd.ch.man.ac.uk/pub/Scots/ScotsFAQ.txt
Newsgroup: news:scot.scots
http://info.mcc.ac.uk/UMIST_CAL/Scots/hame.htm is the URL of Clive
Young's "Scots on the Wab", the best "wab steid" about Scots.
http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~src045 is the web site of the Univairsitie
o Aiberdeen Scots Leid Quorum.
http://babel.uoregon.edu/yamada/guides/scots.html
has links to various resources concerning Scots.
Scots Teaching And Research Network
http://www.arts.gla.ac.uk/www/english/comet/starn.htm
A lad bi the name o Clive Young his screived a buik titled "The Scots
http://toocool.itslab.calpoly.edu/%7Eadorman/Scots.html
There is a newsletter "The Gliffden". E-mail Dauvit Horsbroch on
[3.3] Learning Scots
Whit's Scots?
jouk, gulravae, stech, fushionless, ill-setten, nieve, orrals, pley,
incomin,
havers, clamihewit, murlin, upbring, hant, pleesure, bravity, fantoush,
smeddum, scunner, gilliegaupus, thrawn, glaikit, airtit, bogshaivelt,
flouers, eedjitm lintie, champit, pauchtie, dour, nainsel, pech, haun,
....
It's our ain tung!
The Scots Language Society
exists to promote Scots in literature, drama, the media, education and
every day usage. Since Scots was once the state language of Scotland, it
is a valid part of our heritage and the Society recognises that it
should
be able to take its place as a language of Scotland, along with Gaelic
and
English.
As well as promoting the language and lobbying education authorities and
the media for greater use of Scots, the society publishes the twice-
yearly
"Lallans", the magazine for writing in Scots (free to society members)
plus
a newsletter in Scots. It holds an annual conference, which has been
addressed by eminent writers, actors, journalists, musicians, television
presenters, scholars and others, and runs competitions encouraging both
adults and children to write in Scots.
The society can provide advice on the language to theatre companies,
schools,
etc.
The society is a registered charity.
Did ye ken?
The Anglo-Saxons said "Hoose" for "House", "Sang" for "Song" and
"Maist"
for "Most"
In Scotland, even speakers of Standard English use Scots words, idioms
and grammatical constructions without even realising it. Think about
"Janitor" (care-taker) or "I've got a cold" (I've a cold) or "Outwith"
(Outside)
Scots was once the state language of the kingdom of Scotland, used by
all classes for all purposes
Many of Scotland's greatest writers have used the Scots language to
express many of their most profound thoughts and ideas. eg. Robert
Henryson (c 1430-1506), Robert Burns (1759-1796), Robert Louis Stevenson
(1850-1894), Hugh MacDiarmid (1892-1978).
A great many common Scots words have cosmopolitan origins, such as
'Skank'
(drain, grating) from French, 'Scone' from Dutch, 'Kirk' from Old Norse
and
'Janitor' from Latin.
Today, Scots is a living language, in use outwith the Gaeltacht. It is
recognised as a seperate language, even in the European Union where it
is
represented by the bureau for lesser used languages.
Jyne us nou!
The Scots Language Society
The AK Bell Library
York Place
Perth
PH1 5EP
Telephone: 01738 440199
Fax: 01738 646505
Local branches of the society are to be found in Aberdeen, Edinburgh,
Glasgow and Perth.
(rates in pounds sterling)
Membership Europe Furth o Europe
Ordinar member 10 12
Jynt membership 15 15
(twa fowk at ae address)
Student/Unwaged 3 3
Schuil/
College Sponsorship 15 15
Corporate 20 20
To pay, either fill out the form and return it to us, enclosing a cheque
or postal order payable to the Scots Language Society or fill out the
first part of the form attached to pay by standing order. If you wish to
pay your subscriptions as a deed of covenant, fill out both parts of the
attached covenant form.
Return all forms to the Perth address above.
Banker's order
Please make the payment detailed below and debit my account
Payee: The Scots Language Society
Bank: The Royal Bank of Scotland
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Payment date: On receipt of this order and annually thereafter on the
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I promise to pay you for four year, or during my life-time, if shorter,
each year from the date shown below.
(write in the space above, in your own handwriting, the words "Adopted
as holograph")
[4.1] Intro to Scottish Music
By Charles McGregor
There are several kinds of 'Scottish Music'.. First of all the Alexander
brothers, Kenneth McKellar, Moira Anderson, Bill McCue type thing is IMO
largely an amalgum of Harry Lauder type Coonery and a catering to
Tourist tastes (mostly English coach parties) in various 'Summer'
shows.
Most Scots do not like this kind of thing, it makes them cringe.
The Scottish folk circuit is where most Scots would look for a
real cultural night out. It is alive and vibrant, it is not just about
traditional music. There are many contemporary song-writers as well
as traditionalists.
Scotland being small, there is not a great deal of money available so
you find that often some of the folk circuit artists may leave the
circuit and go into other more lucrative areas. e.g. Gerry Rafferty,
Barbara Dickson, Billy Connelly, Eddie Reader.
Many remain e.g. Dougie MacLean, Eric Bogle, Archie Fisher, Hamish
Imlach, Battlefield Band, Dick Gaughan, Tannahill Weavers, Phil
Cunningham, Aly Bain.
Now at one time, the folk circuit consisted almost entirely of
little folk clubs up and down the country, there was not a deal of
concert hall performances except for the Corries, and this meant that
they were regarded a little apart from the general folk circuit as a
consequence of this.
Nowadays, concert hall performances are common as the folk
'revival' continues.(It seems to have been 'reviving' or getting bigger
all my life). Dougie MacLean, Dick Gaughan etc. regularly fill halls
up and down the country.
Another large part of the folk circuit that used to be almost non
existant is the 'folk fesitival'. I don't know how many there are now,
possibly hundreds. Used to be 1.. the Scottish folk festival for
years in Blairgowrie then moved to Kinross.
Folk programs or series make regular appearances on TV.
Then there is the ceilidh music. This basically falls into two camps.
First there is a fairly formal version where the musicians are
basically following a traditional trade. They are largely used for
formal or semi-formal 'occasions' like weddings or 'Dances' in hotels
or village halls. Scottish country dancing like this is regarded as a
little plastic, or perhaps formulaic is a more appropriate word.
However, Scots do go to these and frequently enjoy them, despite some
similarity to 'summer time specials' they are not an artifact of
tourism, although a lot of tourists will go as well. The Jimmy Shand
band might typify this class of music.
The Second type is the rapidly growing 'new order' of ceilidh music.
In this version, formality goes out the window. The main objective is
enjoyment, getting the dance steps wrong is almost irrelevant the
groups are expected to at least be attempting to push the envelopes of
the genre. There is a positive feedback between the audience and
group which leads to near frenzy all round. Wolfstone perhaps typify
this class of music.
Then there is Gaelic music, which again falls into two categories,
the formal and the less so. The formal consists of gaelic choirs up and
down the country with the mega event being the national Mod once a
year.
The less formal are essentially concert hall based and consist of
groups like Runrig, Capercaillie, Clan na Gael.
Now the above are guidlines there is considerable overlap from one
genre to the other. The term Celtic music covers several of them and
indeed in some branches exchange with Irish artistes is commonplace,
indeed several groups are part Irish part Scots e.g., Capercaillie,
Waterboys, Relativity.
For more info, see
http://celtic.stanford.edu/ceolas.html
Some review of musicians are at
http://www.lrz-muenchen.de/u/uh22501/html/music.html
(contributed by Craig Cockburn)
Scotland's Music
A History of the Traditional and Classical Music of Scotland
from Early Times to the Present Day
by John Purser
Published by Mainstream, 1992.
(7 Albany Street, Edinburgh, EH1 3UG)
ISBN 1-85158-426-9
311 pages; 225mm x 285 mm, hardback, 25 pounds (and worth every penny)
I got this book recently after seeing a lecture given by the author, now
Dr. John Purser. This groundbreaking award winning book evolved from
John's BBC radio series (covering 45 hours). The book covers the whole
of Scotland's music - from 8th Century BC to the present day. The book
covers both classical and traditional music individually and the links
between them. Includes early Celtic plainchant; ballads in Scots and
operatic; symphonic; Gaelic; folk revival and pop.
Chapters include
The Scottish Idiom
Bulls, Birds and Boars (800BC - AD400)
Briton, Pict and Scot (600-800)
The Bell and the Chant (500-1100)
Cathedral Voices (800-1300)
Ballads, Bards and Makars (1100-1500)
Gaelic bards, bagpipes and harps (1100-1600)
The Golden Age (1490-1550)
Reform (1513-1580)
The two Maries (1540-1590)
At the courts of the last King (1570-1630)
Music of the West (1530-1760)
From Covenanters to Culloden (1630-1750)
From Rome to Home (1660-1720)
The Temple of Apollo (1740-1770)
The Scots Musical Museum (1760-1850)
The Withdrawing room and the concert hall (1820-1920)
Sea, field and music hall (1820-1910)
The classical takes root (1910-1970)
A new accommodation (1950-)
also includes
select bibliography; select discography; libraries and archives;
glossary of Scottish musical terms; plates in colour and black
and white; over 200 musical examples; full index.
an absolutely brilliant work, meticulously researched, magnificient in
scope and beautifully presented. A must for anyone interested in
learning in depth about one of Europe's most musical cultures.
a double CD set was also issued, (1) including one track of particular
"Calgacus", by Edward McGuire (for orchestra + pipes), performed by an
unnamed piper and the BBC Symphony Orchestra. Can anyone name the
piper? George McIlwham, perhaps?
(1) "Scotland's Music" (Linn Records 1992, LINN CKD 008; Linn Products
Ltd, Floors Road, Eaglesham, Glasgow G76 0EP).
[4.2] Scottish music radio programmes
In Scotland
-----------
Radio Scotland (MW= Medium Wave 810, FM = 92.4 to 94.7). All the
programmes
below are FM and MW unless otherwise stated. Radio Scotland MW can be
picked up as far south as London when conditions are favourable.
Mon
Mr Anderson's fine tunes: 2:30-4:30
Tue
Mr Anderson's fine tunes: 2:30-4:30
Celtic Connections 7-9pm
Wed
Mr Anderson's fine tunes: 2:30-4:30
Thu
Mr Anderson's fine tunes: 2:30-4:30
Travelling Folk 7-9pm
Fri
Live at the Lemon Tree: 2-3pm
Mr Anderson's fine tunes: 3-4:30
Sat
Take the floor 6:30-8pm
Travelling Folk 8-10pm
Celtic Horizons 10-12midnight
Sun
The Reel Blend: 10-12am MW & FM
Pipeline: 9:00-9:45pm
Other
Radio nan Gaidheal also has a lot of music. Unsure of exact times of
music
programmes though. (On 103.5 - 105 & 97.9 FM) Na durachdan (6:05-7:30 on
Fridays) plays popular request music
Moray Firth Radio have a folk show on Thursday evenings 7:30 to 9:00.
Folk on 2, BBC Radio 2. Wednesdays 7-8pm.
Covers British Folk. Presented by Jim Lloyd
there is also frequent series of folk & features on Wednesdays between
8pm and
9:30pm on Radio 2 (three half hour programmes)
In the US
---------
The Thistle and Shamrock. This is hosted by Fiona Ritchie.
There is an on-line list of stations carrying this programme -
ftp://celtic.stanford.edu/pub/thistle.list (old information)
http://celtic.stanford.edu/pmurphy/thistle.html (much more current)
or http://www.cstone.net/~pmurphy/thistle.html
regularly to the news:rec.music.celtic group
Ceolas carries another list, of over one hundred American celtic music
http://celtic.stanford.edu/pub/radio.list
The Thistle and Shamrock has a brochure that gives some background on
Fiona
Ritchie and the show, and includes information about their Newsletter,
Playlists, and Souvenirs: T-shirts, a pin, tankard and coasters. If you
want
this brochure, send a SASE to "The Thistle and Shamrock, P.O. Box
560646,
Charlotte, NC 28256 (USA).
At Ceolas http://celtic.stanford.edu/ceolas.html, there is a list
"Ceolas Worldwide Celtic Music Radio Listing"
[4.3] What Scottish Record labels are there
Main labels are
Culburnie http://webzone1.co.uk/www/scotsweb/culburn.htm
Greentrax http://webzone1.co.uk/www/scotsweb/greentrx.htm
KRL http://dspace.dial.pipex.com/k.r.l/
Lismore http://www.lismor.co.uk/
Macmeanmna http://www.captions.co.uk/macmeanm/
Temple http://www.rootsworld.com/temple/index.html
Unit 7D, Muir of Ord Ind. Est., Ross-shire, Scotland. IV6 7UA
Tel: 01463 871422 Fax: 01463 871433
Ceardach Music, The Smiddy, Palace Road, Essendy, Blairgowrie,
Veesik Records, Brae, Shetland
Also, see http://sunsite.unc.edu/gaelic/gaelic.html for an extensive
list
of many celtic labels. Further info also at
http://celtic.stanford.edu/Internet_Sources.html
[4.4] How do I find out about Folk events in Scotland which might be on?
The Scottish Folk Arts Directory. This is a book detailing
virtually everything to do with the Scottish folk music scene.
contact: Blackfriars Music, 49 Blackfriars St, Edinburgh EH1 1NB
Tel: 0131 557 3090.
Check out the Gig Guide for what's happening in the pub folk scene
in Edinburgh. http://www.gigguide.co.uk/
For Edin/Glasgow info look in the folk section of
The List http://www.timeout.co.uk/TO/list/
(register via the ../TO/ page)
[4.5] Where's a good place to buy folk records?
Edinburgh
========> A good shop which specialises exclusively in folk is Blackfriars Music
Blackfriars Music, 49 Blackfriars St, Edinburgh EH1 1NB
However, the large general music shops often have folk sections which
are far larger than Blackfriars.
Good places to try in Edinburgh are the Virgin on Princes St and
The HMV on Princes St and also in the St James Centre. Sometimes the
folk and Scottish sections are in different areas.
Folk is often subdivided in these shops into subcategories
(i.e. Scottish, Irish, pipe bands, folk etc).
John Menzies (sometimes pronounced "Mingis") and also on Princes St,
is ...
Could anyone help me I am an MA Fine Art student at Bathspa + am looking
for help to help me identify images I have revealed from the Callanish
stones site. They are celtic in origin ,with refs to tree of life, cup of
--
SEE ALSO: *INVALIDATING* *THE* *ORTHODOX* *AND* *ROMAN* *CATHOLIC*
*CHURCH'S* *CLAIM* *TO* *JUBILEE2000* *AS* *BEING* *DELUSIONAL* *AND*
*FRAUDULENT*

Private Street on the edge of the Central Business District dated 16th
May, 2000 - This report is prepared in response to a TP00/55 as a Notice of
an Application for Planning Permit

- <http://www.grapple369.com/jubilee2000.html>

SEE ALSO: HYPOSTATIS as DAO OF NATURE (Chinese: ZIRAN) / COURSE (Greek:
TROCHOS) OF NATURE (Greek: GENESIS) [James 3:6]

Chinese HAN Dynasty (206 BCE - 220CE) Hexagon Trigrams to Tetragram
assignments proposed by Yang Hsiung (53BCE - 18CE) which by 4BCE
(translation published within English as first European language in 1993),
first appeared in draft form as a meta-thesis titled T'AI HSUAN CHING {ie.
Canon of Supreme Mystery} on Natural Divination associated with the theory
of number, annual seasonal chronology and astrology reliant upon the seven
visible planets as cosmological mother image and the zodiac.

It shows the ZIRAN as the DAO of NATURE / COURSE-trochos OF
NATURE-genesis [James 3:6] as HYPOSTATIS comprising #81 trinomial
tetragrammaton x 4.5 day = #364.5 day / year as HOMOIOS THEORY OF NUMBER
which is an amalgam of the 64 hexagrams as binomial trigrams / 81 as
trinomial tetragrammaton rather than its encapsulated contrived use as the
microcosm to redefine the macrocosm as the quintessence of the Pythagorean
[Babylonian] as binomial canon of transposition as HETEROS THEORY OF
NUMBER.

- <http://www.grapple369.com/nature.html>

The Charter of Human Rights and Responsibilities No. 43 of Act 2006
defines a "PERSON MEANS A HUMAN BEING” and the question is, if it is
permissible to extend this definition to be a "PERSON MEANS A HUMAN BEING
AS A CONSCIOUS REALITY OF HOMO[iOS] SAPIEN[T] WHO IS INSTANTIATED WITHIN
THE TEMPORAL REALITY AS THEN THE CAUSE FOR REASONING AND RATIONALITY."

That my mathematical theoretical noumenon defines the meta-descriptor
prototypes which are prerequisite to the BEING of HOMO[iOS] SAPIEN[T] as
EXISTENCE.

- http://www.grapple369.com/Grapple.zip (Download resources)

After all the ENNEAD of THOTH and not the Roman Catholic Eucharist,
expresses an Anthropic Cosmological Principle which appears within its
geometric conception as being equivalent to the Pythagorean
TETRAD/TETRACTYS
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